Bio::AlignIO po
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Summary
Bio::AlignIO::po - po MSA Sequence input/output stream
Package variables
No package variables defined.
Included modules
Bio::SimpleAlign
Inherit
Bio::AlignIO
Synopsis
Do not use this module directly. Use it via the Bio::AlignIO class.
Description
This object can transform Bio::SimpleAlign objects to and from
'po' format flat file databases. 'po' format is the native format of
the POA alignment program (Lee C, Grasso C, Sharlow MF, 'Multiple
sequence alignment using partial order graphs', Bioinformatics (2002),
18(3):452-64).
Methods
next_alnDescriptionCode
write_alnDescriptionCode
Methods description
next_alncode    nextTop
 Title   : next_aln
Usage : $aln = $stream->next_aln()
Function: returns the next alignment in the stream.
Returns : Bio::Align::AlignI object - returns undef on end of file
or on error
Args : NONE
write_alncodeprevnextTop
 Title   : write_aln
Usage : $stream->write_aln(@aln)
Function: writes the $aln object into the stream in po format
Returns : 1 for success and 0 for error
Args : Bio::Align::AlignI object
Methods code
next_alndescriptionprevnextTop
sub next_aln {
    my $self = shift;

    my $aln;
    my $entry;
    my $name;
    my $seqs;
    my $seq;
    my $nodes;
    my $list;
    my $node;
    my @chars;
    my $s;
    my $a;

    $aln =  Bio::SimpleAlign->new();

    # get to the first 'VERSION' line
while(defined($entry = $self->_readline)) { if($entry =~ /^VERSION=(\S+)/) { $aln->source($1); if(defined($entry = $self->_readline) and $entry =~ /^NAME=(\S+)/) { $aln->id($1); } last; } } # read in the sequence names and node data, up to the end of
# the file or the next 'VERSION' line, whichever comes first
$seqs = []; $nodes = []; while(defined($entry = $self->_readline)) { if($entry =~ /^VERSION/) { # start of a new alignment, so...
$self->_pushback($entry); last; } elsif($entry =~ /^SOURCENAME=(\S+)/) { $name = $1; if($name =~ /(\S+)\/(\d+)-(\d+)/) { $seq = Bio::LocatableSeq->new( '-display_id' => $1, '-start' => $2, '-end' => $3, '-alphabet' => $self->alphabet, ); } else { $seq = Bio::LocatableSeq->new('-display_id'=> $name, '-alphabet' => $self->alphabet); } # store sequences in a list initially, because can't guarantee
# that will get them back from SimpleAlign object in the order
# they were read, and also can't add them to the SimpleAlign
# object here because their sequences are currently unknown
push @{$seqs}, { 'seq' => $seq, 'str' => '', }; } elsif($entry =~ /^SOURCEINFO=(\S+)\s+(\S+)\s+(\S+)\s+(\S+)\s+(.*)/) { $seq->desc($5); } elsif($entry =~ /^(\S):(\S+)/) { $node = { 'aa' => $1, 'L' => [], 'S' => [], 'A' => [], 'status' => 'unvisited', }; $list = $2; if($list =~ /^([L\d]*)([S\d]*)([A\d]*)/) { push(@{$node->{'L'}}, split(/L/, $1)); push(@{$node->{'S'}}, split(/S/, $2)); push(@{$node->{'A'}}, split(/A/, $3)); (@{$node->{'L'}} > 0) and shift @{$node->{'L'}}; (@{$node->{'S'}} > 0) and shift @{$node->{'S'}}; (@{$node->{'A'}} > 0) and shift @{$node->{'A'}}; } push @{$nodes}, $node; } } # process the nodes
foreach $node (@{$nodes}) { ($node->{'status'} ne 'unvisited') and next; @chars = ($aln->gap_char) x @{$seqs}; # char for each seq defaults to a gap
# set the character for each sequence represented by this node
foreach $s (@{$node->{'S'}}) { $chars[$s] = $node->{'aa'}; } $node->{'status'} = 'visited'; # do the same for each node in the same align ring
while(defined($a = $node->{'A'}->[0])) { $node = $nodes->[$a]; ($node->{'status'} ne 'unvisited') and last; foreach $s (@{$node->{'S'}}) { $chars[$s] = $node->{'aa'}; } $node->{'status'} = 'visited'; } # update the sequences
foreach $seq (@{$seqs}) { $seq->{'str'} .= shift @chars; } } # set the sequences of the bioperl objects
# and add them to the alignment
foreach $seq (@{$seqs}) { $seq->{'seq'}->seq($seq->{'str'}); $aln->add_seq($seq->{'seq'}); } # has an alignment been read?...
return $aln if $aln->num_sequences; return;
}
write_alndescriptionprevnextTop
sub write_aln {
    my $self = shift;
    my @alns = @_;

    my $aln;
    my $seqs;
    my $nodes;
    my $seq;
    my $node;
    my $col;
    my $ring;
    my $i;
    my $char;

    foreach $aln (@alns) {
	if(!$aln or !$aln->isa('Bio::Align::AlignI')) {
	    $self->warn("Must provide a Bio::Align::AlignI object when calling write_aln");
	    next;
	}

	# store the seqs on a list, because po format
# refers to them by position on this list
$seqs = []; foreach $seq ($aln->each_seq()) { push @{$seqs}, { 'seq' => $seq, 'n_nodes' => 0, 'first' => undef, 'previous' => undef, }; } # go through each column in the alignment and construct
# the nodes for the equivalent poa alignment ring
$nodes = []; for($col = 0; $col < $aln->length; $col++) { $ring = { 'nodes' => {}, 'first' => scalar @{$nodes}, 'last' => scalar @{$nodes}, }; for($i = 0; $i < @{$seqs}; $i++) { $seq = $seqs->[$i]; $char = $seq->{'seq'}->subseq($col + 1, $col + 1); ($char eq $aln->gap_char) and next; if(!defined($node = $ring->{'nodes'}->{$char})) { $node = { 'n' => scalar @{$nodes}, 'aa' => $char, 'L' => {}, 'S' => [], 'A' => [], }; # update the ring
$ring->{'nodes'}->{$char} = $node; $ring->{'last'} = $node->{'n'}; # add the node to the node list
push @{$nodes}, $node; } # add the sequence to the node
push @{$node->{'S'}}, $i; # add the node to the sequence
defined($seq->{'first'}) or ($seq->{'first'} = $node); $seq->{'n_nodes'}++; # add an edge from the previous node in the sequence to this one.
# Then set the previous node to the current one, ready for the next
# residue in this sequence
defined($seq->{'previous'}) and ($node->{'L'}->{$seq->{'previous'}->{'n'}} = $seq->{'previous'}); $seq->{'previous'} = $node; } # set the 'next node in ring' field for each node in the ring
if($ring->{'first'} < $ring->{'last'}) { for($i = $ring->{'first'}; $i < $ring->{'last'}; $i++) { push @{$nodes->[$i]->{'A'}}, $i + 1; } push @{$nodes->[$ring->{'last'}]->{'A'}}, $ring->{'first'}; } } # print header information
$self->_print( 'VERSION=', ($aln->source and ($aln->source !~ /\A\s*\Z/)) ? $aln->source : 'bioperl', "\n", 'NAME=', $aln->id, "\n", 'TITLE=', ($seqs->[0]->{'seq'}->description or $aln->id), "\n", 'LENGTH=', scalar @{$nodes}, "\n", 'SOURCECOUNT=', scalar @{$seqs}, "\n", ); # print sequence information
foreach $seq (@{$seqs}) { $self->_print( 'SOURCENAME=', $seq->{'seq'}->display_id, "\n", 'SOURCEINFO=', $seq->{'n_nodes'}, ' ', # number of nodes in the sequence
$seq->{'first'}->{'n'}, ' ', # index of first node containing the sequence
0, ' ', # FIXME - sequence weight?
-1, ' ', # FIXME - index of bundle containing sequence?
($seq->{'seq'}->description or 'untitled'), "\n", ); } # print node information
foreach $node (@{$nodes}) { $self->_print($node->{'aa'}, ':'); (keys %{$node->{'L'}} > 0) and $self->_print('L', join('L', sort {$a <=> $b} keys %{$node->{'L'}})); (@{$node->{'S'}} > 0) and $self->_print('S', join('S', @{$node->{'S'}})); (@{$node->{'A'}} > 0) and $self->_print('A', join('A', @{$node->{'A'}})); $self->_print("\n"); } } $self->flush if $self->_flush_on_write && defined $self->_fh; return 1; } 1;
}
General documentation
FEEDBACKTop
Support Top
Please direct usage questions or support issues to the mailing list:
bioperl-l@bioperl.org
rather than to the module maintainer directly. Many experienced and
reponsive experts will be able look at the problem and quickly
address it. Please include a thorough description of the problem
with code and data examples if at all possible.
Reporting BugsTop
Report bugs to the Bioperl bug tracking system to help us keep track
the bugs and their resolution. Bug reports can be submitted via the
web:
  https://redmine.open-bio.org/projects/bioperl/
AUTHORS - Matthew BettsTop
Email: matthew.betts@ii.uib.no
APPENDIXTop
The rest of the documentation details each of the object
methods. Internal methods are usually preceded with a _