Bio::LiveSeq::IO BioPerl
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Summary
Bio::LiveSeq::IO::BioPerl - Loader for LiveSeq from EMBL entries with BioPerl
Package variables
Globals (from "use vars" definitions)
$DBEMBLLOADED
Included modules
Bio::SeqIO
Carp qw ( cluck croak carp )
Inherit
Bio::LiveSeq::IO::Loader
Synopsis
  my $db="EMBL";
my $file="../data/M20132";
my $id="HSANDREC";
my $loader=Bio::LiveSeq::IO::BioPerl->load(-db=>"$db", -file=>"$file"); # or my $loader=Bio::LiveSeq::IO::BioPerl->load(-db=>"$db", -id=>"$id"); my @translationobjects=$loader->entry2liveseq(); my $genename="AR"; my $gene=$loader->gene2liveseq(-gene_name => "$genename", -getswissprotinfo => 0); #NOTE1: The only -db now supported is EMBL. Hence it defaults to EMBL. #NOTE2: -file requires a filename (and path if necessary) containing an # EMBL entry # -id will use Bio::DB::EMBL.pm to fetch the sequence from the web, # (bioperl wraparound to [w]getz from SRS) #NOTE3: To retrieve the swissprot (if possible) attached to the embl entry # (to get protein domains at dna level), only Bio::DB::EMBL.pm # is supported under BioPerl. Refer to Bio::LiveSeq::IO::SRS # otherwise. #NOTE4: NOTE3 is not implemented yet for bioperl, working on it
Description
This package uses BioPerl (SeqIO) to fetch a sequence database entry,
analyse it and create LiveSeq objects out of it.
A filename (or an ID that will fetch entry through the web) has to be passed
to this package which will return references to all translation objects
created from the EMBL entry. References to Transcription, DNA and Exon
objects can all be retrieved departing from these.
Alternatively, a specific "gene" name can be specified, together with
the embl-acc ID. This will create a LiveSeq::Gene object with all
relevant gene features attached/created.
ATTENTION: if web fetching is requested, the package HTTP::Request needs
to be installed.
Methods
loadDescriptionCode
embl2hashDescriptionCode
novelaasequence2geneDescriptionCode
Methods description
loadcode    nextTop
  Title   : load
Usage : my $filename="../data/M20132";
$loader=Bio::LiveSeq::IO::BioPerl->load(-db=>"EMBL", -file=>"$filename");
or
$loader=Bio::LiveSeq::IO::BioPerl->load(-db=>"EMBL", -id=>"HSANDREC");
Function: loads an entry with BioPerl from a database into a hash Returns : reference to a new object of class IO::BioPerl holding an entry Errorcode 0 Args : an filename containing an EMBL entry OR an ID or ACCESSION code
embl2hashcodeprevnextTop
  Title   : embl2hash
Function: retrieves with BioPerl an EMBL entry, parses it and creates
a hash that contains all the information.
Returns : a reference to a hash
Errorcode: 0
Args : a BioPerl Sequence Object (from file or web fetching)
two array references to skip features and qualifiers (for
performance)
Example: @valid_features=qw(CDS exon prim_transcript mRNA);
@valid_qualifiers=qw(gene codon_start db_xref product rpt_family);
$hashref=&embl2hash($seqobj,\@valid_features,\@valid_qualifiers);
novelaasequence2genecodeprevnextTop
  Title   : novelaasequence2gene
Usage : $gene=Bio::LiveSeq::IO::BioPerl->novelaasequence2gene(-aasequence => "MGLAAPTRS*");
: $gene=Bio::LiveSeq::IO::BioPerl->novelaasequence2gene(-aasequence => "MGLAAPTRS*",
-cusg_data => "58 44 7 29 3 3 480 267 105 143 122 39 144 162 14 59 53 25 233 292 19 113 88 246 28 68 161 231 27 102 128 151 67 60 138 131 48 61 153 19 233 73 150 31 129 38 147 71 138 43 181 81 44 15 255 118 312 392 236 82 20 10 14 141");
: $gene=Bio::LiveSeq::IO::BioPerl->novelaasequence2gene(-aasequence => "MGLAAPTRS*",
-cusg_data => "58 44 7 29 3 3 480 267 105 143 122 39 144 162 14 59 53 25 233 292 19 113 88 246 28 68 161 231 27 102 128 151 67 60 138 131 48 61 153 19 233 73 150 31 129 38 147 71 138 43 181 81 44 15 255 118 312 392 236 82 20 10 14 141",
-translation_table => "2",
-gene_name => "tyr-kinase");
Function: creates LiveSeq objects from a novel amino acid sequence, using codon usage information (loaded from a file) to choose codons according to relative frequencies. If a codon_usage information is not specified, the default is to use Homo sapiens data (taxonomy ID 9606). If a translation_table ID is not specified, it will default to 1 (standard code). Returns : reference to a Gene object containing references to LiveSeq objects Errorcode 0 Args : string containing an amino acid sequence string (optional) with codon usage data (64 integer numbers) string (optional) specifying a gene_name integer (optional) specifying a translation_table ID
Methods code
loaddescriptionprevnextTop
sub load {
  my ($thing, %args) = @_;
  my $class = ref($thing) || $thing;
  my ($obj,%loader);

  my ($db,$filename,$id)=($args{-db},$args{-file},$args{-id});

  if (defined($db)) {
    unless ($db eq "EMBL") {
      carp "Note: only EMBL now supported!";
      return(0);
    }
  } else {
    $db="EMBL";
  }

  if (defined($id) && defined($filename)) {
    carp "You can either specify a -id or a -filename!";
    return(0);
  }

  unless (defined($id) || defined($filename)) {
    carp "You must specify either a -id or a -filename!";
    return(0);
  }

  my $hashref;
  if ($db eq "EMBL") {
    my $test_transl=0; # change to 0 to avoid comparison of translation
# these can be changed for future needs
my @embl_valid_feature_names=qw(CDS CDS_span exon prim_transcript intron repeat_unit repeat_region mRNA); my @embl_valid_qual_names=qw(gene codon_start db_xref product note number rpt_family transl_table); # dunno yet how to implement test_transl again....
# probably on a one-on-one basis with each translation?
if ($test_transl) { push (@embl_valid_qual_names,"translation"); # needed for test_transl
} my $seqobj; # bioperl sequence object, to be passed to embl2hash
if (defined($filename)) { my $stream = Bio::SeqIO->new('-file' => $filename, '-format' => 'EMBL'); $seqobj = $stream->next_seq(); } else { # i.e. if -id
if( $DBEMBLLOADED ) { my $embl = Bio::DB::EMBL->new(); $seqobj = $embl->get_Seq_by_id($id); # EMBL ID or ACC
} else { my $root = Bio::Root::Root->new(); $root->warn("Must have HTTP::Request::Common installed, cannot run load without the -filename option specified, see docs for Bio::LiveSeq::IO::BioPerl"); return; } } $hashref=&embl2hash($seqobj,\@embl_valid_feature_names,\@embl_valid_qual_names); } unless ($hashref) { return (0); } %loader = (db => $db, filename => $filename, id => $id, hash => $hashref); $obj =\% loader; $obj = bless $obj, $class; return $obj;
}
embl2hashdescriptionprevnextTop
sub embl2hash {
  my $seqobj=$_[0];
  my %valid_features; my %valid_names;
  if ($_[1]) {
    %valid_features = map {$_, 1} @{$_[1]}; # to skip features
} if ($_[2]) { %valid_names = map {$_, 1} @{$_[2]}; # to skip qualifiers
} my $annobj = $seqobj->annotation(); # what's this?
my $entry_Sequence = lc($seqobj->seq()); # SRS returns lowercase
my $entry_ID = $seqobj->display_id; my $entry_AccNumber = $seqobj->accession; # or maybe accession_number ?
my $secondary_acc; # to fetch the other acc numbers
foreach $secondary_acc ($seqobj->get_secondary_accessions) { # not working!
$entry_AccNumber .= " $secondary_acc"; } my $entry_Molecule = $seqobj->molecule; # this alone returns molec+division
my $entry_Division = $seqobj->division; # fixed: now Molecule works in BioPerl, no need for next lines
#my @Molecule=split(" ",$entry_Molecule);
#my $entry_Division = pop(@Molecule); # only division
#$entry_Molecule = join(" ",@Molecule); # only molecule
my $entry_Description = $seqobj->desc; my $speciesobj = $seqobj->species; my $entry_Organism = $speciesobj->binomial; my $entry_SeqLength = $seqobj->length; # put into the hash
my %entryhash; $entryhash{ID}=$entry_ID; $entryhash{AccNumber}=$entry_AccNumber; $entryhash{Molecule}=$entry_Molecule; $entryhash{Division}=$entry_Division; $entryhash{Description}=$entry_Description; $entryhash{Organism}=$entry_Organism; $entryhash{Sequence}=$entry_Sequence; $entryhash{SeqLength}=$entry_SeqLength; my @topfeatures=$seqobj->top_SeqFeatures(); # create features array
my $featuresnumber= scalar(@topfeatures); $entryhash{FeaturesNumber}=$featuresnumber; my $feature_name; my @feature_qual_names; my @feature_qual_value; my ($feature_qual_name,$feature_qual_number); my @features; my ($feat,$qual,$subfeat); my @subfeat; my $i=0; foreach $feat (@topfeatures) { my %feature; $feature_name = $feat->primary_tag; unless ($valid_features{$feature_name}) { #print "skipping $feature_name\n";
next; } # works ok with 0.6.2
# if ($feature_name eq "CDS_span") { # case of CDS with various exons 0.6.2
# $feature_name="CDS"; # 0.6.2
my $featlocation=$feat->location; # 0.7
if (($feature_name eq "CDS")&&($featlocation->isa('Bio::Location::SplitLocationI'))) { # case of CDS with various exons BioPerl 0.7
# @subfeat=$feat->sub_SeqFeature; # 0.6.2
@subfeat=$featlocation->sub_Location(); # 0.7
my @transcript; foreach $subfeat (@subfeat) { my @range; if ($subfeat->strand == -1) { @range=($subfeat->end,$subfeat->start,$subfeat->strand); } else { @range=($subfeat->start,$subfeat->end,$subfeat->strand); } push (@transcript,\@range); } $feature{range}=\@transcript; } else { my @range; ($feat->strand == -1) ? (@range = ($feat->end, $feat->start, $feat->strand) ) : (@range = ( $feat->start,$feat->end,$feat->strand) ); # works ok with 0.6.2
if ($feature_name eq "CDS") { # case of single exon CDS (CDS name but not split location)
my @transcript=(\@range); $feature{range}=\@transcript; } else { # all other range features
$feature{range}=\@range; } } $feature{location}="deprecated"; $feature{position}=$i; $feature{name}=$feature_name; @feature_qual_names= $feat->all_tags(); $feature_qual_number= scalar(@feature_qual_names); $feature{qual_number}=$feature_qual_number; my %feature_qualifiers; for $qual (@feature_qual_names) { $feature_qual_name=$qual; unless ($valid_names{$feature_qual_name}) { next; } @feature_qual_value=$feat->each_tag_value($qual); #print "$qual => @feature_qual_value \n";
$feature_qualifiers{$feature_qual_name}=$feature_qual_value[0]; # ?
# maybe the whole array should be entered, not just the 1st element?
# what could be the other elements? TOCHECK!
} $feature{qualifiers}=\%feature_qualifiers; push (@features,\%feature); # array of features
$i++; } $entryhash{Features}=\@features; # put this also into the hash
my @cds; # array just of CDSs
for $i (0..$#features) { if ($features[$i]->{'name'} eq "CDS") { push(@cds,$features[$i]); } } $entryhash{CDS}=\@cds; # put this also into the hash
return (\%entryhash);
}
novelaasequence2genedescriptionprevnextTop
sub novelaasequence2gene {
  my ($self, %args) = @_;
  my ($gene_name,$cusg_data,$aasequence,$ttabid)=($args{-gene_name},$args{-cusg_data},$args{-aasequence},$args{-translation_table});

  my @species_codon_usage;
  unless ($aasequence) {
    carp "aasequence not given";
    return (0);
  }
  unless ($gene_name) {
    $gene_name="Novel Unknown";
  }
  unless ($ttabid) {
    $ttabid=1;
  }
  unless ($cusg_data) {
    @species_codon_usage=
	qw(68664 118404 126679 51100 125600 123646 75667 210903 435317
	139009 79303 135218 128429 192616 49456 161556 211962 131222
	162837 213626 69346 140780 182506 219428 76684 189374 173010
	310626 82647 202329 180955 250410 180001 118798 76398 160764
	317359 119013 262630 359627 218376 186915 130857 377006 162826
	113684 317703 441298 287040 245435 174805 133427 134523 108740
	225633 185619 78463 240138 174021 244236 142435 8187 5913
	14381); # updated 21Jul2000
} else { @species_codon_usage=split(/ /,$cusg_data); } my $gene=Bio::LiveSeq::IO::Loader::_common_novelaasequence2gene(\@species_codon_usage,$ttabid,$aasequence,$gene_name); return ($gene); } 1;
}
General documentation
AUTHOR - Joseph A.L. InsanaTop
Email: Insana@ebi.ac.uk, jinsana@gmx.net
APPENDIXTop
The rest of the documentation details each of the object
methods. Internal methods are usually preceded with a _