Bio::Nexml Factory
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Summary
Bio::Nexml::Factory - A factory module for creating BioPerl and Bio::Phylo objects from/to nexml documents
Package variables
Privates (from "my" definitions)
$fac = Bio::Phylo::Factory->new()
Included modules
Bio::Phylo::Factory
Bio::Phylo::Forest::Tree
Bio::Phylo::IO
Bio::Phylo::Matrices(1)
Bio::Phylo::Matrices(2)
Bio::Phylo::Matrices::Datum
Bio::Phylo::Matrices::Matrix
Bio::SeqFeature::Generic
Inherit
Bio::Root::Root
Synopsis
  Do not use this module directly. It shoulde be used through 
Bio::NexmlIO, Bio::SeqIO::nexml, Bio::AlignIO::nexml, or
Bio::TreeIO::nexml
Description
This is a factory/utility module in the Nexml namespace. It contains
methods that are needed by multiple modules.
This module handles the creation of BioPerl objects from Bio::Phylo
objects and vice versa, which is used to read and write nexml
documents to and from BioPerl objects.
Methods
BEGIN Code
newDescriptionCode
create_bperl_alnDescriptionCode
create_bperl_treeDescriptionCode
create_bperl_seqDescriptionCode
create_bphylo_treeDescriptionCode
_copy_tree
No description
Code
create_bphylo_nodeDescriptionCode
create_bphylo_alnDescriptionCode
create_bphylo_seqDescriptionCode
create_bphylo_taxaDescriptionCode
_create_bphylo_tree_taxa
No description
Code
_create_bphylo_matrix_taxa
No description
Code
create_bphylo_datumDescriptionCode
bioperl_createDescriptionCode
Methods description
newcode    nextTop
 Title   : new
Usage : my $obj = Bio::Nexml::Factory->new();
Function: Builds a new Bio::Nexml::Factory object
Returns : Bio::Nexml::Factory object
Args : none
create_bperl_alncodeprevnextTop
 Title   : create_bperl_aln
Usage : my @alns = $factory->create_bperl_aln($objIO);
Function: Converts Bio::Phylo::Matrices::Matrix objects into Bio::SimpleAlign objects
Returns : an array of Bio::SimpleAlign objects
Args : Bio::NexmlIO, Bio::SeqIO, Bio::AlignIO, or Bio::TreeIO
see [http://search.cpan.org/~rvosa/Bio-Phylo/lib/Bio/Phylo/Project.pm Bio::Phylo::Project]
create_bperl_treecodeprevnextTop
 Title   : create_bperl_tree
Usage : my @trees = $factory->create_bperl_seq($objIO);
Function: Converts Bio::Phylo::Forest::Tree objects into Bio::Tree::Tree objects
Returns : an array of Bio::Tree::Tree objects
Args : Bio::NexmlIO, Bio::SeqIO, Bio::AlignIO, or Bio::TreeIO
see [http://search.cpan.org/~rvosa/Bio-Phylo/lib/Bio/Phylo/Project.pm Bio::Phylo::Project]
create_bperl_seqcodeprevnextTop
 Title   : create_bperl_seq
Usage : my @seqs = $factory->create_bperl_seq($objIO);
Function: Converts Bio::Phylo::Matrices::Datum objects into Bio::Seq objects
Returns : an array of Bio::Seq objects
Args : Bio::NexmlIO, Bio::SeqIO, Bio::AlignIO, or Bio::TreeIO
see [http://search.cpan.org/~rvosa/Bio-Phylo/lib/Bio/Phylo/Project.pm Bio::Phylo::Project]
create_bphylo_treecodeprevnextTop
 Title   : create_bphylo_tree
Usage : my $bphylo_tree = $factory->create_bphylo_tree($bperl_tree);
Function: Converts a Bio::Tree::Tree object into Bio::Phylo::Forest::Tree object
Returns : a Bio::Phylo::Forest::Tree object
Args : Bio::Tree::Tree object
create_bphylo_nodecodeprevnextTop
 Title   : create_bphylo_node
Usage : my $bphylo_node = $factory->create_bphylo_node($bperl_node);
Function: Converts a Bio::Tree::Node object into Bio::Phylo::Forest::Node object
Returns : a Bio::Phylo::Forest::Node object
Args : Bio::Tree::Node object
create_bphylo_alncodeprevnextTop
 Title   : create_bphylo_aln
Usage : my $bphylo_aln = $factory->create_bphylo_aln($bperl_aln);
Function: Converts a Bio::SimpleAlign object into Bio::Phylo::Matrices::Matrix object
Returns : a Bio::Phylo::Matrices::Matrix object
Args : Bio::SimpleAlign object
create_bphylo_seqcodeprevnextTop
 Title   : create_bphylo_seq
Usage : my $bphylo_seq = $factory->create_bphylo_seq($bperl_seq);
Function: Converts a Bio::Seq object into Bio::Phylo::Matrices::Matrix object
Returns : a Bio::Phylo::Matrices::Matrix object
Args : Bio::Seq object
create_bphylo_taxacodeprevnextTop
 Title   : create_bphylo_seq
Usage : my $taxa = $factory->create_bphylo_taxa($bperl_obj);
Function: creates a taxa object from the data attached to a bioperl object
Returns : a Bio::Phylo::Taxa object
Args : Bio::Seq object, or Bio::SimpleAlign object, or Bio::Tree::Tree object
create_bphylo_datumcodeprevnextTop
 Title   : create_bphylo_datum
Usage : my $bphylo_datum = $factory->create_bphylo_datum($bperl_datum);
Function: Converts a Bio::Seq object into Bio::Phylo::Matrices::datum object
Returns : a Bio::Phylo::Matrices::datum object
Args : Bio::Seq object, Bio::Phylo::Taxa object,
[optional] arrayref to SeqFeatures,
[optional] key => value pairs to pass to Bio::Phylo constructor
bioperl_createcodeprevnextTop
 Title   : bioperl_create
Usage : $bioperl_obj = $fac->bioperl_create($obj_type, $biophylo_proj);
Function: Create a specified bioperl object using a Bio::Phylo project
Args : scalar string ('aln', 'tree', 'seq') type designator
Bio::Phylo::Project object
Returns : Appropriate BioPerl object
Methods code
BEGINTop
BEGIN {
    use Bio::Root::Root;
    unless (eval "require Bio::Phylo; 1") {
    Bio::Root::Root->throw("Bio::Phylo package required; see http://www.nexml.org for download details");
}
newdescriptionprevnextTop
sub new {
    my($class,@args) = @_;
    my $self = $class->SUPER::new(@args);
}

#should all these creates be private methods?
# naah./maj
}
create_bperl_alndescriptionprevnextTop
sub create_bperl_aln {
    my ($self, $caller) = @_;
    my ($start, $end, $seq, $desc);
    my $matrices = $caller->doc->get_matrices();
    my @alns;
    
    foreach my $matrix (@$matrices) 
    {   
        #check if mol_type is something that makes sense to be an aln
my $mol_type = lc($matrix->get_type()); unless ($mol_type eq 'dna' || $mol_type eq 'rna' || $mol_type eq 'protein') { next; # something for the back-burner: BioPerl has objects
# to handle arbitrary genotypes; might be cool to
# be able to create something besides alignments
# here .../maj
} #continue creating an aln
my $aln = Bio::SimpleAlign->new(); my $taxa = $matrix->get_taxa(); # TODO: should $caller->{_ID} always be defined?
# ATM, this is a Bio::AlignIO::nexml stream...
$aln->{_Nexml_ID} = $caller->{_ID}? $caller->{_ID} . $taxa->get_xml_id : $taxa->get_xml_id; my $aln_feats = Bio::SeqFeature::Generic->new(); $aln_feats->add_tag_value('NexmlIO_ID', $caller->{_ID}); #check if there is a taxa associated with this alignment
if ($taxa) { $aln_feats->add_tag_value('taxa_id', $taxa->get_xml_id()); $aln_feats->add_tag_value('taxa_label', $taxa->get_name()) if $taxa->get_name(); my $taxon = $taxa->first; while ($taxon) { $aln_feats->add_tag_value('taxon', $taxon->get_name); $taxon = $taxa->next; } } $aln->add_SeqFeature($aln_feats); my $basename = $matrix->get_name(); $aln->id($basename); my $seqNum = 0; my$row = $matrix->first; while ($row) { my $newSeq = $row->get_char(); my $rowlabel; $seqNum++; #constuct seqID based on matrix label and row id
my $seqID = "$basename.row_$seqNum"; #Check if theres a row label and if not default to seqID
if( !defined($rowlabel = $row->get_name())) {$rowlabel = $seqID;} $seq = Bio::LocatableSeq->new( -seq => $newSeq, -display_id => "$rowlabel", #-description => $desc,
-alphabet => $mol_type, ); my $seq_feats; #check if there is a taxa associated w/ this alignment
if($taxa) { if (my $taxon = $taxa->get_by_name($row->get_taxon->get_name())) { #attach taxon to each sequence by using the sequenceID because
#LocatableSeq does not support features
my $taxon_name = $taxon->get_name(); $seq_feats = Bio::SeqFeature::Generic->new(); $seq_feats->add_tag_value('taxon', "$taxon_name"); $seq_feats->add_tag_value('id', "$rowlabel"); } } $aln->add_seq($seq); $aln->add_SeqFeature($seq_feats); $self->debug("Reading r$rowlabel\n"); $row = $matrix->next(); } push (@alns, $aln); } return\@ alns;
}
create_bperl_treedescriptionprevnextTop
sub create_bperl_tree {
    my($self, $caller) = @_;
    my @trees;
    
    my $forests = $caller->doc->get_forests();
    
    foreach my $forest (@$forests) 
    {   
        my $basename = $forest->get_name() || '';
        my $taxa = $forest->get_taxa();
        my $taxa_label = $taxa->get_name();
        my $taxa_id = $taxa->get_xml_id();
        
        my $t = $forest->first();
 
        while ($t) 
        {                       
            my %created_nodes;
            my $tree_id = $t->get_name();
            my $tree = Bio::Tree::Tree->new(-id => "$basename.$tree_id");

            #set the taxa info of the tree
$tree->add_tag_value('taxa_label', $taxa_label) if defined($taxa_label); $tree->add_tag_value('taxa_id', $taxa_id) if defined($taxa_id); # TODO: should $caller->{_ID} always be defined?
# ATM, this is a Bio::TreeIO::nexml stream...
$tree->add_tag_value('_NexmlIO_ID', $caller->{_ID}) if $caller->{_ID}; my $taxon = $taxa->first; while($taxon) { $tree->add_tag_value('taxon', $taxon->get_name()) if defined($taxon->get_name); $taxon = $taxa->next; } #process terminals only, removing terminals as they get processed
#which inturn creates new terminals to process until the entire tree has been processed
my $terminals = $t->get_terminals(); # for(my $i=0; $i<@$terminals; $i++)
while (my $terminal = shift @$terminals) { # my $terminal = $$terminals[$i];
my $new_node_id = $terminal->get_name(); my $newNode; if(exists $created_nodes{$new_node_id}) { $newNode = $created_nodes{$new_node_id}; } else { $newNode = Bio::Tree::Node->new(); $new_node_id ||= 'internal_'.$newNode->_creation_id; $newNode->id($new_node_id); $created_nodes{$new_node_id} = $newNode; } #check if taxa data exists for the current node ($terminal)
if($taxa) { my $taxon = $terminal->get_taxon(); $newNode->add_tag_value("taxon", $taxon->get_name()) if $taxon && $taxon->get_name; } #check if you've reached the root of the tree and if so, stop.
if($terminal->is_root()) { $tree->set_root_node($newNode); last; } #transfer attributes that apply to non-root only nodes
$newNode->branch_length($terminal->get_branch_length()); my $parent = $terminal->get_parent(); my $parentID = $parent->get_name(); if(exists $created_nodes{$parentID}) { $created_nodes{$parentID}->add_Descendent($newNode); } else { my $parent_node = Bio::Tree::Node->new(); $parentID ||= 'internal_'.$parent_node->_creation_id; $parent_node->id($parentID); $parent_node->add_Descendent($newNode); $created_nodes{$parentID} = $parent_node; } #remove processed node from tree
$parent->prune_child($terminal); #check if the parent of the removed node is now a terminal node and should be added for processing
if($parent->is_terminal()) { push(@$terminals, $terminal->get_parent()) if $terminal->get_parent; } } push @trees, $tree; $t = $forest->next(); } } return\@ trees;
}
create_bperl_seqdescriptionprevnextTop
sub create_bperl_seq {
    my($self, $caller) = @_;
    my $matrices = $caller->doc->get_matrices();
    my @seqs;
    
    foreach my $matrix (@$matrices) 
    {   
        #check if mol_type is something that makes sense to be a seq
my $mol_type = lc($matrix->get_type()); unless ($mol_type eq 'dna' || $mol_type eq 'rna' || $mol_type eq 'protein') { next; } my $taxa = $matrix->get_taxa(); my $seqnum = 0; my $taxa_id = $taxa->get_xml_id(); my $taxa_label = $taxa->get_name(); my $basename = $matrix->get_name(); my $row = $matrix->first; while ($row) { my $newSeq = $row->get_char(); my $feat = Bio::SeqFeature::Generic->new(); $feat->add_tag_value('matrix_label', $matrix->get_name()) if defined($matrix->get_name); $feat->add_tag_value('matrix_id', $matrix->get_xml_id()); $feat->add_tag_value('NexmlIO_ID', $caller->{_ID}); $feat->add_tag_value('taxa_id', $taxa_id) if defined($taxa_id); $feat->add_tag_value('taxa_label', $taxa_label) if defined($taxa_label); $seqnum++; #construct full sequence id by using bio::phylo "matrix label" and "row id"
my $seqID = "$basename.seq_$seqnum"; my $rowlabel; #check if there is a label for the row, if not default to seqID
if (!defined ($rowlabel = $row->get_name())) {$rowlabel = $seqID;} else {$seqID = $rowlabel;} #build the seq object using the factory create method
my $seqbuilder = new Bio::Seq::SeqFactory('-type' => 'Bio::Seq'); my $seq = $seqbuilder->create( -seq => $newSeq, -id => $rowlabel, -primary_id => $seqID, #-desc => $fulldesc,
-alphabet => $mol_type, -direct => 1, ); # TODO: should $caller->{_ID} always be defined?
# ATM, this is a Bio::SeqIO::nexml stream...
$seq->{_Nexml_ID} = $caller->{_ID} ? $caller->{_ID} . $taxa_id : $taxa_id; $seq->{_Nexml_matrix_ID} = $caller->{_ID} ? $caller->{_ID} . $matrix->get_xml_id() : $matrix->get_xml_id(); #check if taxon linked to sequence if so create feature to attach to alignment
if ($taxa) { my $taxon = $taxa->first; while ($taxon) { $feat->add_tag_value('taxon', $taxon->get_name) if defined($taxon->get_name); if($taxon eq $row->get_taxon) { my $taxon_name = $taxon->get_name(); $feat->add_tag_value('my_taxon', "$taxon_name") if defined($taxon_name); $feat->add_tag_value('id', $rowlabel); } $taxon = $taxa->next; } } $seq->add_SeqFeature($feat); push (@seqs, $seq); $row = $matrix->next; } } return\@ seqs;
}
create_bphylo_treedescriptionprevnextTop
sub create_bphylo_tree {
    my ($self, $bptree, $taxa) = @_;
    #most of the code below ripped form Bio::Phylo::Forest::Tree::new_from_bioperl()d
my $tree = $fac->create_tree; my $class = 'Bio::Phylo::Forest::Tree'; if ( ref $bptree && $bptree->isa('Bio::Tree::TreeI') ) { bless $tree, $class; ($tree) = _copy_tree( $tree, $bptree->get_root_node, "", $taxa); # copy name
my $name = $bptree->id; $tree->set_name( $name ) if defined $name; # copy score
my $score = $bptree->score; $tree->set_score( $score ) if defined $score; } else { $self->throw('Not a bioperl tree!'); } return $tree;
}
_copy_treedescriptionprevnextTop
sub _copy_tree {
    my ( $tree, $bpnode, $parent, $taxa ) = @_;
        my $node = create_bphylo_node($bpnode);
        my $taxon;
        if ($parent) {
            $parent->set_child($node);
        }
        if (my $bptaxon_name = $bpnode->get_tag_values('taxon'))
        {
            $node->set_taxon($taxa->get_by_name($bptaxon_name));
        }
        $tree->insert($node);
        foreach my $bpchild ( $bpnode->each_Descendent ) {
            _copy_tree( $tree, $bpchild, $node, $taxa );
        }   
     return $tree;
}
create_bphylo_nodedescriptionprevnextTop
sub create_bphylo_node {
    my ($bpnode) = @_;
        my $node = Bio::Phylo::Forest::Node->new();
        
        #mostly ripped from Bio::Phylo::Forest::Node->new_from_bioperl()
# copy name
my $name = $bpnode->id; $node->set_name( $name ) if defined $name; # copy branch length
my $branch_length = $bpnode->branch_length; $node->set_branch_length( $branch_length ) if defined $branch_length; # copy description
my $desc = $bpnode->description; $node->set_desc( $desc ) if defined $desc; # copy bootstrap
my $bootstrap = $bpnode->bootstrap; $node->set_score( $bootstrap ) if defined $bootstrap and looks_like_number $bootstrap; # copy other tags
for my $tag ( $bpnode->get_all_tags ) { my @values = $bpnode->get_tag_values( $tag ); $node->set_generic( $tag =>\@ values ); } return $node;
}
create_bphylo_alndescriptionprevnextTop
sub create_bphylo_aln {
    
    my ($self, $aln, $taxa, @args) = @_;
    
    #most of the code below ripped from Bio::Phylo::Matrices::Matrix::new_from_bioperl()
if ( $aln->isa('Bio::Align::AlignI') ) { $aln->unmatch; $aln->map_chars('\.','-'); my @seqs = $aln->each_seq; my ( $type, $missing, $gap, $matchchar ); if ( $seqs[0] ) { $type = $seqs[0]->alphabet || $seqs[0]->_guess_alphabet || 'dna'; } else { $type = 'dna'; } my $matrix = $fac->create_matrix( '-type' => $type, '-special_symbols' => { '-missing' => $aln->missing_char || '?', '-matchchar' => $aln->match_char || '.', '-gap' => $aln->gap_char || '-', }, @args ); # XXX create raw getter/setter pairs for annotation, accession, consensus_meta source
for my $field ( qw(description accession id annotation consensus_meta score source) ) { $matrix->$field( $aln->$field ); } my $to = $matrix->get_type_object; my @feats = $aln->get_all_SeqFeatures(); for my $seq ( @seqs ) { #create datum linked to taxa
my $datum = create_bphylo_datum($seq, $taxa,\@ feats, '-type_object' => $to); $matrix->insert($datum); } return $matrix; } else { $self->throw('Not a bioperl alignment!'); }
}
create_bphylo_seqdescriptionprevnextTop
sub create_bphylo_seq {
    my ($self, $seq, $taxa, @args) = @_;
    my $type    = $seq->alphabet || $seq->_guess_alphabet || 'dna';
    $type = uc($type);
    
    my $dat = create_bphylo_datum($seq, $taxa, '-type' => $type);  
        
    # copy seq string
my $seqstring = $seq->seq; if ( $seqstring and $seqstring =~ /\S/ ) { eval { $dat->set_char( $seqstring ) }; if ( $@ and UNIVERSAL::isa($@,'Bio::Phylo::Util::Exceptions::InvalidData') ) { $self->throw("\n\nThe BioPerl sequence object contains invalid data ($seqstring)\n"); } } # copy name
my $name = $seq->display_id; #$dat->set_name( $name ) if defined $name;
# copy desc
my $desc = $seq->desc; $dat->set_desc( $desc ) if defined $desc; #get features from SeqFeatureI
for my $field ( qw(start end strand) ) { $dat->$field( $seq->$field ) if $seq->can($field); } return $dat;
}
create_bphylo_taxadescriptionprevnextTop
sub create_bphylo_taxa {
    my $self = shift @_;
    my ($obj) = @_;
    
    #check if tree or aln object
if ( UNIVERSAL::isa( $obj, 'Bio::Align::AlignI' ) || UNIVERSAL::isa( $obj, 'Bio::Seq')) { return $self->_create_bphylo_matrix_taxa(@_); } elsif ( UNIVERSAL::isa( $obj, 'Bio::Tree::TreeI' ) ) { return $self->_create_bphylo_tree_taxa(@_); }
}
_create_bphylo_tree_taxadescriptionprevnextTop
sub _create_bphylo_tree_taxa {
    my ($self, $tree) = @_;
    
    my $taxa = $fac->create_taxa();
    my $taxon;
    
    #check if taxa exists
unless ($tree->has_tag('taxa_id')) { return 0; } #copy taxa details
$taxa->set_xml_id(($tree->get_tag_values('taxa_id'))[0]); $taxa->set_name(($tree->get_tag_values('taxa_label'))[0]); foreach my $taxon_name ($tree->get_tag_values('taxon')) { $taxon = $fac->create_taxon(-name => $taxon_name); $taxa->insert($taxon); } return $taxa;
}
_create_bphylo_matrix_taxadescriptionprevnextTop
sub _create_bphylo_matrix_taxa {
    my ($self, $aln) = @_;
    
    my $taxa = $fac->create_taxa();
    my $taxon;
    my @feats = $aln->get_all_SeqFeatures();
            
    foreach my $feat (@feats) {
    if (my $taxa_id = ($feat->get_tag_values('taxa_id'))[0]) {
        my $taxa_label = ($feat->get_tag_values('taxa_label'))[0];
    
        $taxa->set_name($taxa_label) if defined $taxa_label;
        $taxa->set_xml_id($taxa_id) if defined $taxa_label;
        my @taxa_bp = $feat->get_tag_values('taxon');
        foreach my $taxon_name (@taxa_bp) {
            $taxon = $fac->create_taxon(-name => $taxon_name);
            $taxa->insert($taxon);
        }
        last;
        }
    }
    return $taxa
}
create_bphylo_datumdescriptionprevnextTop
sub create_bphylo_datum {
    #mostly ripped from Bio::Phylo::Matrices::Datum::new_from_bioperl()
my ( $seq, $taxa, @args ) = @_; my $class = 'Bio::Phylo::Matrices::Datum'; my $feats; # want $seq type-check here? Allowable: is-a Bio::PrimarySeq,
# Bio::LocatableSeq /maj
if (@args % 2) { # odd
$feats = shift @args; unless (ref($feats) eq 'ARRAY') { Bio::Root::Root->throw("Third argument must be array of SeqFeatures"); } } my $type = $seq->alphabet || $seq->_guess_alphabet || 'dna'; my $self = $class->new( '-type' => $type, @args ); # copy seq string
my $seqstring = $seq->seq; if ( $seqstring and $seqstring =~ /\S/ ) { eval { $self->set_char( $seqstring ) }; if ( $@ and UNIVERSAL::isa($@,'Bio::Phylo::Util::Exceptions::InvalidData') ) { $self->throw("\n\nThe BioPerl sequence object contains invalid data ($seqstring)\n"); } } # copy name
my $name = $seq->display_id; $self->set_name( $name ) if defined $name; my $taxon; my @feats = (defined $feats ? @$feats : $seq->get_all_SeqFeatures); # convert taxa
foreach my $feat (@feats) { #get sequence id associated with taxa to compare
my $taxa_id = ($feat->get_tag_values('id'))[0] if $feat->has_tag('id'); if ($taxa_id && $name eq $taxa_id) { my $taxon_name; if($feat->has_tag('my_taxon')) { $taxon_name = ($feat->get_tag_values('my_taxon'))[0] } else { $taxon_name = ($feat->get_tag_values('taxon'))[0]; } $self->set_taxon($taxa->get_by_name($taxon_name)); } } # copy desc
my $desc = $seq->desc; $self->set_desc( $desc ) if defined $desc; # only Bio::LocatableSeq objs have these fields...
for my $field ( qw(start end strand) ) { $self->$field( $seq->$field ) if $seq->can($field); } return $self;
}
bioperl_createdescriptionprevnextTop
sub bioperl_create {
    my $self = shift;
    my ($type, @args) = @_;
    unless (grep /^type/,qw( seq aln tree )) {
    $self->throw("Unrecognized type for argument 1");
    }
    my $call = 'create_bioperl_'.$type;
    return $self->$call(@args);
}

1;
}
General documentation
FEEDBACKTop
Mailing ListsTop
User feedback is an integral part of the evolution of this and other
Bioperl modules. Send your comments and suggestions preferably to
the Bioperl mailing list. Your participation is much appreciated.
  bioperl-l@bioperl.org                  - General discussion
http://bioperl.org/wiki/Mailing_lists - About the mailing lists
Support Top
Please direct usage questions or support issues to the mailing list:
bioperl-l@bioperl.org
rather than to the module maintainer directly. Many experienced and
reponsive experts will be able look at the problem and quickly
address it. Please include a thorough description of the problem
with code and data examples if at all possible.
Reporting BugsTop
Report bugs to the Bioperl bug tracking system to help us keep track
of the bugs and their resolution. Bug reports can be submitted via
the web:
  https://redmine.open-bio.org/projects/bioperl/
AUTHOR - Chase MillerTop
Email chmille4@gmail.com
APPENDIXTop
The rest of the documentation details each of the object methods.
Internal methods are usually preceded with a _
CREATORTop