Bio::Search::Result ResultI
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Summary
Bio::Search::Result::ResultI - Abstract interface to Search Result objects
Package variables
No package variables defined.
Inherit
Bio::AnalysisResultI
Synopsis
# Bio::Search::Result::ResultI objects cannot be instantiated since this
# module defines a pure interface.
# Given an object that implements the Bio::Search::Result::ResultI interface,
# you can do the following things with it:
    use Bio::SearchIO;
my $io = Bio::SearchIO->new(-format => 'blast',
-file => 't/data/HUMBETGLOA.tblastx');
my $result = $io->next_result;
while( $hit = $result->next_hit()) { # enter code here for hit processing
}
my $id = $result->query_name(); my $desc = $result->query_description(); my $dbname = $result->database_name(); my $size = $result->database_letters(); my $num_entries = $result->database_entries(); my $gap_ext = $result->get_parameter('gapext'); my @params = $result->available_parameters; my $kappa = $result->get_statistic('kappa'); my @statnames = $result->available_statistics;
Description
Bio::Search::Result::ResultI objects are data structures containing
the results from the execution of a search algorithm. As such, it may
contain various algorithm specific information as well as details of
the execution, but will contain a few fundamental elements, including
the ability to return Bio::Search::Hit::HitI objects.
Methods
next_hitDescriptionCode
sort_hitsDescriptionCode
_default_sort_hits
No description
Code
query_nameDescriptionCode
query_accessionDescriptionCode
query_lengthDescriptionCode
query_descriptionDescriptionCode
database_nameDescriptionCode
database_lettersDescriptionCode
database_entriesDescriptionCode
get_parameterDescriptionCode
available_parametersDescriptionCode
get_statisticDescriptionCode
available_statisticsDescriptionCode
algorithmDescriptionCode
algorithm_versionDescriptionCode
algorithm_referenceDescriptionCode
ridDescriptionCode
num_hitsDescriptionCode
hitsDescriptionCode
no_hits_foundDescriptionCode
set_no_hits_foundDescriptionCode
Methods description
next_hitcode    nextTop
 Title   : next_hit
Usage : while( $hit = $result->next_hit()) { ... }
Function: Returns the next available Hit object, representing potential
matches between the query and various entities from the database.
Returns : a Bio::Search::Hit::HitI object or undef if there are no more.
Args : none
sort_hitscodeprevnextTop
 Title		: sort_hits
Usage : $result->sort_hits(\&sort_function)
Function : Sorts the available hit objects by a user-supplied function. Defaults to sort
by descending score.
Returns : n/a
Args : A coderef for the sort function. See the documentation on the Perl sort()
function for guidelines on writing sort functions.
Note : To access the special variables $a and $b used by the Perl sort() function
the user function must access Bio::Search::Result::ResultI namespace.
For example, use :
$result->sort_hits( sub{$Bio::Search::Result::ResultI::a->length <=>
$Bio::Search::Result::ResultI::b->length});
NOT $result->sort_hits($a->length <=>$b->length);
query_namecodeprevnextTop
 Title   : query_name
Usage : $id = $result->query_name();
Function: Get the string identifier of the query used by the
algorithm that performed the search.
Returns : a string.
Args : none
query_accessioncodeprevnextTop
 Title   : query_accession
Usage : $id = $result->query_accession();
Function: Get the accession (if available) for the query sequence
Returns : a string
Args : none
query_lengthcodeprevnextTop
 Title   : query_length
Usage : $id = $result->query_length();
Function: Get the length of the query sequence
used in the search.
Returns : a number
Args : none
query_descriptioncodeprevnextTop
 Title   : query_description
Usage : $id = $result->query_description();
Function: Get the description of the query sequence
used in the search.
Returns : a string
Args : none
database_namecodeprevnextTop
 Title   : database_name
Usage : $name = $result->database_name()
Function: Used to obtain the name of the database that the query was searched
against by the algorithm.
Returns : a scalar string
Args : none
database_letterscodeprevnextTop
 Title   : database_letters
Usage : $size = $result->database_letters()
Function: Used to obtain the size of database that was searched against.
Returns : a scalar integer (units specific to algorithm, but probably the
total number of residues in the database, if available) or undef if
the information was not available to the Processor object.
Args : none
database_entriescodeprevnextTop
 Title   : database_entries
Usage : $num_entries = $result->database_entries()
Function: Used to obtain the number of entries contained in the database.
Returns : a scalar integer representing the number of entities in the database
or undef if the information was not available.
Args : none
get_parametercodeprevnextTop
 Title   : get_parameter
Usage : my $gap_ext = $result->get_parameter('gapext')
Function: Returns the value for a specific parameter used
when running this result
Returns : string
Args : name of parameter (string)
available_parameterscodeprevnextTop
 Title   : available_parameters
Usage : my @params = $result->available_parameters
Function: Returns the names of the available parameters
Returns : Return list of available parameters used for this result
Args : none
get_statisticcodeprevnextTop
 Title   : get_statistic
Usage : my $gap_ext = $result->get_statistic('kappa')
Function: Returns the value for a specific statistic available
from this result
Returns : string
Args : name of statistic (string)
available_statisticscodeprevnextTop
 Title   : available_statistics
Usage : my @statnames = $result->available_statistics
Function: Returns the names of the available statistics
Returns : Return list of available statistics used for this result
Args : none
algorithmcodeprevnextTop
 Title   : algorithm
Usage : my $r_type = $result->algorithm
Function: Obtain the name of the algorithm used to obtain the Result
Returns : string (e.g., BLASTP)
Args : [optional] scalar string to set value
algorithm_versioncodeprevnextTop
 Title   : algorithm_version
Usage : my $r_version = $result->algorithm_version
Function: Obtain the version of the algorithm used to obtain the Result
Returns : string (e.g., 2.1.2)
Args : [optional] scalar string to set algorithm version value
algorithm_referencecodeprevnextTop
 Title   : algorithm_reference
Usage : $obj->algorithm_reference($newval)
Function:
Returns : value of the literature reference for the algorithm
Args : newvalue (optional)
Comments: The default implementation in ResultI returns an empty string
rather than throwing a NotImplemented exception, since
the ref may not always be available and is not critical.
ridcodeprevnextTop
 Title   : rid
Usage : $obj->rid($newval)
Function:
Returns : value of the BLAST Request ID (eg. RID: ZABJ4EA7014)
Args : newvalue (optional)
Comments: The default implementation in ResultI returns an empty string
rather than throwing a NotImplemented exception, since
the RID may not always be available and is not critical.
See: (1) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Class/MLACourse/Modules/BLAST/rid.html
(2) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/staff/tao/URLAPI/new/node63.html
num_hitscodeprevnextTop
 Title   : num_hits
Usage : my $hitcount= $result->num_hits
Function: returns the number of hits for this query result
Returns : integer
Args : none
hitscodeprevnextTop
 Title   : hits
Usage : my @hits = $result->hits
Function: Returns the HitI objects contained within this Result
Returns : Array of Bio::Search::Hit::HitI objects
Args : none
See Also: Bio::Search::Hit::HitI
no_hits_foundcodeprevnextTop
 Usage     : $nohits = $blast->no_hits_found();
Purpose : Get boolean indicator indicating whether or not any hits
were present in the report.
This is NOT the same as determining the number of hits via the hits() method, which will return zero hits if there were no hits in the report or if all hits were filtered out during the parse. Thus, this method can be used to distinguish these possibilities for hitless reports generated when filtering. Returns : Boolean Argument : none
set_no_hits_foundcodeprevnextTop
 Usage     : $blast->set_no_hits_found(); 
Purpose : Set boolean indicator indicating whether or not any hits
were present in the report.
Returns : n/a
Argument : none
Methods code
next_hitdescriptionprevnextTop
sub next_hit {
    my ($self,@args) = @_;
    $self->throw_not_implemented;
}
sort_hitsdescriptionprevnextTop
sub sort_hits {
    my ($self, $coderef) = @_;
    my @sorted_hits;

    if ($coderef)  {
	$self->throw('sort_hits requires a sort function passed as a subroutine reference')
	    unless (ref($coderef) eq 'CODE');
    }
    else {
	$coderef =\& _default_sort_hits;
	# throw a warning?
} my @hits = $self->hits(); eval {@sorted_hits = sort $coderef @hits }; if ($@) { $self->throw("Unable to sort hits: $@"); } else { $self->{'_hits'} =\@ sorted_hits; $self->{'_no_iterations'} = 1; # to bypass iteration checking in hits() method
1; }
}
_default_sort_hitsdescriptionprevnextTop
sub _default_sort_hits {
    $Bio::Search::Result::ResultI::b->score <=> 
	    $Bio::Search::Result::ResultI::a->score;
}
query_namedescriptionprevnextTop
sub query_name {
    my ($self,@args) = @_;
    $self->throw_not_implemented;
}
query_accessiondescriptionprevnextTop
sub query_accession {
    my ($self,@args) = @_;
    $self->throw_not_implemented;
}
query_lengthdescriptionprevnextTop
sub query_length {
    my ($self,@args) = @_;
    $self->throw_not_implemented;
}
query_descriptiondescriptionprevnextTop
sub query_description {
    my ($self,@args) = @_;
    $self->throw_not_implemented;
}
database_namedescriptionprevnextTop
sub database_name {
    my ($self,@args) = @_;

    $self->throw_not_implemented;
}
database_lettersdescriptionprevnextTop
sub database_letters {
    my ($self,@args) = @_;
    $self->throw_not_implemented();
}
database_entriesdescriptionprevnextTop
sub database_entries {
    my ($self,@args) = @_;

    $self->throw_not_implemented();
}
get_parameterdescriptionprevnextTop
sub get_parameter {
   my ($self,@args) = @_;
   $self->throw_not_implemented();
}
available_parametersdescriptionprevnextTop
sub available_parameters {
   my ($self) = @_;
   $self->throw_not_implemented();
}
get_statisticdescriptionprevnextTop
sub get_statistic {
   my ($self,@args) = @_;
   $self->throw_not_implemented();
}
available_statisticsdescriptionprevnextTop
sub available_statistics {
   my ($self) = @_;
   $self->throw_not_implemented();
}
algorithmdescriptionprevnextTop
sub algorithm {
   my ($self) = @_;
   $self->throw_not_implemented();
}
algorithm_versiondescriptionprevnextTop
sub algorithm_version {
   my ($self) = @_;
   $self->throw_not_implemented();
}
algorithm_referencedescriptionprevnextTop
sub algorithm_reference {
   my ($self) = @_;
   return '';
}
riddescriptionprevnextTop
sub rid {
   my ($self) = @_;
   return '';
}
num_hitsdescriptionprevnextTop
sub num_hits {
   my ($self,@args) = @_;
   $self->throw_not_implemented();
}
hitsdescriptionprevnextTop
sub hits {
   my ($self,@args) = @_;
   $self->throw_not_implemented();
}
no_hits_founddescriptionprevnextTop
sub no_hits_found {
 shift->throw_not_implemented
}
set_no_hits_founddescriptionprevnextTop
sub set_no_hits_found {
 shift->throw_not_implemented
}
General documentation
FEEDBACKTop
Mailing ListsTop
User feedback is an integral part of the evolution of this
and other Bioperl modules. Send your comments and suggestions preferably
to one of the Bioperl mailing lists.
Your participation is much appreciated.
  bioperl-l@bioperl.org                  - General discussion
http://bioperl.org/wiki/Mailing_lists - About the mailing lists
Support Top
Please direct usage questions or support issues to the mailing list:
bioperl-l@bioperl.org
rather than to the module maintainer directly. Many experienced and
reponsive experts will be able look at the problem and quickly
address it. Please include a thorough description of the problem
with code and data examples if at all possible.
Reporting BugsTop
Report bugs to the Bioperl bug tracking system to help us keep track
the bugs and their resolution. Bug reports can be submitted via the
web:
  https://redmine.open-bio.org/projects/bioperl/
AUTHOR Top
Aaron Mackey <amackey@virginia.edu> (original author)
Steve Chervitz <sac@bioperl.org>
See the FEEDBACK section for where to send bug reports and comments.
COPYRIGHTTop
Copyright (c) 1999-2001 Aaron Mackey, Steve Chervitz. All Rights Reserved.
DISCLAIMERTop
This software is provided "as is" without warranty of any kind.
APPENDIXTop
The rest of the documentation details each of the object methods. Internal methods are usually preceded with a _
_default sort_hitsTop
  Title	: _default_sort_hits
Usage : Do not call directly.
Function: Sort hits in descending order by score
Args : None
Returns: 1 on success
Note : Used by $result->sort_hits()