Bio::SearchIO blastxml
SummaryIncluded librariesPackage variablesSynopsisDescriptionGeneral documentationMethods
Bio::SearchIO::blastxml - A SearchIO implementation of NCBI Blast XML parsing.
Package variables
Privates (from "my" definitions)
%VALID_TYPE = ( 'BLAST' => 'Bio::SearchIO::XML::BlastHandler', 'PSIBLAST' => 'Bio::SearchIO::XML::PsiBlastHandler', 'PSI-BLAST' => 'Bio::SearchIO::XML::PsiBlastHandler' )
Included modules
    use Bio::SearchIO;
my $searchin = Bio::SearchIO->new(-format => 'blastxml',
-file => 't/data/plague_yeast.bls.xml');

while( my $result = $searchin->next_result ) {
# one can also request that the parser NOT keep the XML data in memory # by using the tempfile initialization flag. $searchin = Bio::SearchIO->new(-tempfile => 1, -format => 'blastxml', -file => 't/data/plague_yeast.bls.xml'); while( my $result = $searchin->next_result ) { .... } # PSI-BLAST parsing (default is normal BLAST) $searchin = Bio::SearchIO->new( -format => 'blastxml', -blasttype => 'psiblast', -file => 't/data/plague_yeast.bls.xml'); while( my $result = $searchin->next_result ) { .... }
This object implements a NCBI Blast XML parser. It requires XML::SAX; it is
also recommended (for faster parsing) that XML::SAX::ExpatXS or XML::LibXML
be installed. Either 'XML::SAX::ExpatXS' or 'XML::LibXML::SAX::Parser' should
be set as the default parser in ParserDetails.ini. This file is located in the
SAX subdirectory of XML in your local perl library (normally in the 'site'
Two different XML handlers currently exist to deal with logical differences
between how normal BLAST reports and PSI-BLAST reports are logically parsed into
BioPerl objects; this is explicitly settable using the -blasttype parameter.
The default is for parsing a normal BLAST report ('blast'), but if one is
expecting PSI-BLAST report parsing, -blasttype must be set explicitly to
'psiblast'. This is due to a lack of any information in the XML output which
tells the parser the report is derived from a PSI-BLAST run vs. a normal BLAST
There is one additional initialization flag from the SearchIO defaults. That is
the -tempfile flag. If specified as true, then the parser will write out each
report to a temporary filehandle rather than holding the entire report as a
string in memory. The reason this is done in the first place is NCBI reports
have an uncessary <?xml version="1.0"?> at the beginning of each report
and RPS-BLAST reports have an additional unnecessary RPS-BLAST tag at the top of
each report. So we currently have implemented the work around by preparsing the
file (yes it makes the process slower, but it works). We are open to suggestions
on how to optimize this in the future.
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Methods description
_initializecode    nextTop
 Title   : _initialize
Usage : private
Function: Initializes the object - this is chained through new in SearchIO
 Title   : next_result
Usage : my $hit = $searchio->next_result;
Function: Returns the next Result from a search
Returns : Bio::Search::Result::ResultI object
Args : none
 Title   : result_count
Usage : $num = $stream->result_count;
Function: Gets the number of Blast results that have been successfully parsed
at the point of the method call. This is not the total # of results
in the file.
Returns : integer
Args : none
Throws : none
 Title   : use_tempfile
Usage : $obj->use_tempfile($newval)
Function: Get/Set boolean flag on whether or not use a tempfile
Example :
Returns : value of use_tempfile
Args : newvalue (optional)
 Title   : blasttype
Usage : $obj->blasttype($newtype)
Function: Get/Set BLAST report type.
Returns : BLAST report type
Args : case-insensitive string of types BLAST or PSIBLAST (default: BLAST)
Note : this is used to determine how reports are 'chunked' (in cases
where multiple queries are submitted) and which XML handler
to use when parsing the report(s)
Methods code
sub _initialize {
    my ($self,@args) = @_;   
    my ($usetempfile, $blasttype,$xmlcompact) = $self->_rearrange([qw(
    $blasttype ||= 'BLAST';
    $self->{_xml_compact} = $xmlcompact || 0;
    $self->blasttype(uc $blasttype);
    defined $usetempfile && $self->use_tempfile($usetempfile);
    $self->{_result_count} = 0;
    eval {  require Time::HiRes };	
    if( $@ ) { $DEBUG = 0; }
    $DEBUG = 1 if( ! defined $DEBUG && ($self->verbose > 0));
sub next_result {
    my ($self) = @_;
    my $result;

    my ($tfh);
# WU-BLAST has an XML_COMPACT option which needs to be preprocessed before
# passing on to the parser.
if ($self->{_xml_compact}) { $self->debug("XMLCOMPACT mode\n"); my ($tfh2, $filename) = IO::File->new_tmpfile or $self->throw("Unable to open temp file: $!"); $tfh2->autoflush(1); my $fh = $self->_fh; while (my $line = <$fh>) { $line =~ s/></>\n</g; print $tfh2 $line; } seek($tfh2,0,0); close $fh; # redirect self's IO to use new tempfile
$self->_fh($tfh2); } if( $self->use_tempfile ) { $tfh = IO::File->new_tmpfile or $self->throw("Unable to open temp file: $!"); $tfh->autoflush(1); } my $okaytoprocess = ($self->blasttype =~ /PSI/) ? $self->_chunk_psiblast($tfh) : $self->_chunk_normalblast($tfh); return unless( $okaytoprocess); my %parser_args; if( defined $tfh ) { seek($tfh,0,0); %parser_args = ('Source' => { 'ByteStream' => $tfh }); } else { %parser_args = ('Source' => { 'String' => $self->{'_blastdata'} }); } my $starttime; if( $DEBUG ) { $starttime = [ Time::HiRes::gettimeofday() ]; } eval { $result = $self->{'_xmlparser'}->parse(%parser_args); }; if( $@ ) { $self->warn("error in parsing a report:\n $@"); $result = undef; } if( $DEBUG ) { $self->debug( sprintf("parsing took %f seconds\n", Time::HiRes::tv_interval($starttime))); } # parsing magic here - but we call event handlers rather than
# instantiating things
if (defined $result) { # result count is handled here, as the BLASTXML reports are
# broken up into smaller easier to digest bits
$self->{_result_count}++; return $result; } else { return; }
sub result_count {
    my $self = shift;
    return $self->{_result_count};
sub use_tempfile {
   my ($self,$value) = @_;
   if( defined $value) {
      $self->{'_use_tempfile'} = $value;
    return $self->{'_use_tempfile'};
sub blasttype {
    my ($self,$value) = @_;
    if ($value) {
        $self->throw("$value is not a supported BLAST type") unless exists $VALID_TYPE{$value};
        my $ok;
        eval {
            $ok = $self->_load_module($VALID_TYPE{$value});
        if ($@) {
            print STDERR <<END;
$self: data module $VALID_TYPE{$value} cannot be found
Exception $@
For more information about the Bio::SearchIO::blastxml system please see the Bio::SearchIO::blastxml.
return unless $ok; } # BlastHandler does the heavy lifting
my $xmlhandler = $VALID_TYPE{$value}->new(-verbose => $self->verbose); # The XML handler does the heavy work, passes data to object handler
if ($value =~ /^PSI/) { my $handler = Bio::SearchIO::IteratedSearchResultEventBuilder->new(); $self->{'_handler'} = $handler; # cache
} $xmlhandler->eventHandler($self->_eventHandler()); # start up the parser factory
my $parserfactory = XML::SAX::ParserFactory->parser( Handler => $xmlhandler); $self->{'_xmlparser'} = $parserfactory; $self->saxparser(ref($parserfactory)); $self->{'_blasttype'} = $value; } return $self->{'_blasttype'};
sub saxparser {
    my $self = shift;
    return ref($self->{'_xmlparser'});
sub _chunk_normalblast {
    my ($self, $tfh) = @_;
    local $/ = "\n";
    local $_;
    $self->{'_blastdata'} = '';
    my ($sawxmlheader, $okaytoprocess);
    my $mode = 'header';

    my $tail = << 'XML_END';
# no buffering needed (famous last words...)
my $fh = $self->_fh; #chop up XML into edible bits for the parser
while( defined( my $line = <$fh>) ) { next if $line =~ m{^\s*</BlastOutput_iterations>}xmso || $line =~ m{^</BlastOutput>}xmso; if( $line =~ m{^RPS-BLAST}i ) { $self->{'_type'} = 'RPS-BLAST'; next; } elsif ($line =~ m{^<\?xml\sversion="1.0"}xms) {# <?xml version="1.0"?> & <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
delete $self->{'_header'} if exists $self->{'_header'}; $sawxmlheader++; $mode = 'header'; } elsif ($line =~ m{^\s*<Iteration>}xmso) { if (!$sawxmlheader) { if (defined $tfh) { print $tfh $self->{'_header'} } else { $self->{'_blastdata'} .= $self->{'_header'}; } } $mode = 'iteration'; } elsif ($line =~ m{^\s*</Iteration>}xmso) { if (defined $tfh) { print $tfh $line.$tail; } else { $self->{'_blastdata'} .= $line.$tail; } $okaytoprocess++; last; } if (defined $tfh) { print $tfh $line; } else { $self->{'_blastdata'} .= $line; } $self->{"_$mode"} .= $line if $mode eq 'header'; } return $okaytoprocess;
sub _chunk_psiblast {
    my ($self, $tfh) = @_;
    local $/ = "\n";
    local $_;
    $self->{'_blastdata'} = '';
    my ($sawxmlheader, $okaytoprocess);

    # no buffering needed (famous last words...)
my $fh = $self->_fh; #chop up XML into edible bits for the parser
while( defined( my $line = <$fh>) ) { if (defined $tfh) { print $tfh $line; } else { $self->{'_blastdata'} .= $line; } #$self->{"_$mode"} .= $line;
if ($line =~ m{^</BlastOutput>}xmso) { $okaytoprocess++; last; } } #$self->debug($self->{'_blastdata'}."\n");
return $okaytoprocess; } 1;
General documentation
In addition to parts of the Bio:: hierarchy, this module uses:
It is also recommended that XML::SAX::ExpatXS be installed and made the default
XML::SAX parser using , along with the Expat library () for faster parsing.
XML::SAX::Expat is not recommended; XML::SAX::ExpatXS is considered the current
replacement for XML::SAX:Expat and is actively being considered to replace
XML::SAX::Expat. XML::SAX::Expat will work, but only if you have local copies of
the NCBI BLAST DTDs. This is due to issues with NCBI's BLAST XML format. The
DTDs and the web address to obtain them are:
Mailing ListsTop
User feedback is an integral part of the evolution of this and other
Bioperl modules. Send your comments and suggestions preferably to
the Bioperl mailing list. Your participation is much appreciated.                  - General discussion - About the mailing lists
Support Top
Please direct usage questions or support issues to the mailing list:
rather than to the module maintainer directly. Many experienced and
reponsive experts will be able look at the problem and quickly
address it. Please include a thorough description of the problem
with code and data examples if at all possible.
Reporting BugsTop
Report bugs to the Bioperl bug tracking system to help us keep track
of the bugs and their resolution. Bug reports can be submitted via the
AUTHOR - Jason StajichTop
The rest of the documentation details each of the object methods.
Internal methods are usually preceded with a _
 Title   : new
Usage : my $searchio = Bio::SearchIO->new(-format => 'blastxml',
-file => 'filename',
-tempfile => 1);
Function: Initializes the object - this is chained through new in SearchIO
Returns : Bio::SearchIO::blastxml object
Args : One additional argument from the format and file/fh parameters.
-tempfile => boolean. Defaults to false. Write out XML data
to a temporary filehandle to send to PerlSAX parser.