Bio::Tools::Run WrapperBase
SummaryIncluded librariesPackage variablesSynopsisDescriptionGeneral documentationMethods
Bio::Tools::Run::WrapperBase::CommandExts - Extensions to WrapperBase for handling programs with commands *ALPHA*
Package variables
No package variables defined.
Included modules
Bio::ParameterBaseI Bio::Root::Root
This is a developer-focused experimental module. The main idea is to
extend Bio::Tools::Run::WrapperBase to make it relatively easy to
create run wrappers around suites of related programs, like
samtools or blast+.
Some definitions:
    * program
    The program is the command-line frontend application. samtools, for example, is run from the command line as follows:
 $ samtools view -bS in.bam > out.sam
$ samtools faidx
    * command
    The command is the specific component of a suite run by executing the
program. In the example above, view and faidx are commands.
    * command prefix
    The command prefix is an abbreviation of the command name used
internally by CommandExts method, and sometimes by the user of the
factory for specifying command line parameters to subcommands of
composite commands.
    * composite command
    A composite command is a pipeline or script representing a series of
separate executions of different commands. Composite commands can be
specified by configuring CommandExts appropriately; the composite
command can be run by the user from a factory in the same way as
ordinary commands.
    * options, parameters, switches and filespecs
    An option is any command-line option; i.e., a specification set off by
a command-line by a specifier (like -v or --outfile). Parameters
are command-line options that accept a value (-title mydb);
switches are boolean flags (--no-filter). Filespecs are barewords
at the end of the command line that usually indicate input or output
files. In this module, this includes files that capture STDIN, STDOUT,
or STDERR via redirection.
    * pseudo-program
    A "pseudo-program" is a way to refer to a collection of related
applications that are run independently from the command line, rather
than via a frontend program. The blast+ suite of programs is an
example: blastn, makeblastdb, etc. CommandExts can be
configured to create a single factory for a suite of related,
independent programs that treats each independent program as a
"pseudo-program" command.
This module essentially adds the non-assembler-specific wrapper
machinery of fangly's Bio::Tools::Run::AssemblerBase to the
Bio::Tools::Run::WrapperBase namespace, adding the general
command-handling capability of Bio::Tools::Run::BWA. It creates run
factories that are automatically Bio::ParameterBaseI compliant,
meaning that available_parameters(), set_parameters(),
get_parameters, reset_parameters(), and parameters_changed()
are available.
No description
Methods description
new()code    nextTop
 Title   : new
Usage :
Function: constructor for WrapperBase::CommandExts ;
correctly binds configuration variables
to the WrapperBase object
Returns : Bio::Tools::Run::WrapperBase object with command extensions
Args :
Note : this method subsumes the old _register_program_commands and
_set_program_options, leaving out the assembler-specific
parms ($qual_param and out_type())
 Title   : program_name
Usage : $factory->program_name($name)
Function: get/set the executable name
Returns: string
Args : string
 Title   : program_dir
Usage : $factory->program_dir($dir)
Function: get/set the program dir
Returns: string
Args : string
 Title   : _translate_params
Usage : @options = $assembler->_translate_params( );
Function: Translate the Bioperl arguments into the arguments to pass to the
program on the command line
Returns : Arrayref of arguments
Args : none
 Title   : executable
Usage :
Function: find the full path to the main executable,
or to the command executable for pseudo-programs
Returns : full path, if found
Args : [optional] explicit path to the executable
(will set the appropriate command exec if
[optional] boolean flag whether or not to warn when exe no found
Note : overrides
 Title   : executables
Usage :
Function: find the full path to a command's executable
Returns : full path (scalar string)
Args : command (scalar string),
[optional] explicit path to this command exe
[optional] boolean flag whether or not to warn when exe no found
 Title   : _find_executable
Usage : my $exe_path = $fac->_find_executable($exe, $warn);
Function: find the full path to a named executable,
Returns : full path, if found
Args : name of executable to find
[optional] boolean flag whether or not to warn when exe no found
Note : differs from executable and executables in not
setting any object attributes
 Title   : _register_composite_commands
Usage :
Function: adds subcomand params and switches for composite commands
Returns : true on success
Args : \%composite_commands,
 Title   : _create_factory_set
Usage : @facs = $self->_create_factory_set
Function: instantiate a set of individual command factories for
a given composite command
Factories will have the correct parameter fields set for
their own subcommand
Returns : hash of factories: ( $subcmd_prefix => $subcmd_factory, ... )
Args : none
 Title   : _collate_subcmd_args
Usage : $args_hash = $self->_collate_subcmd_args
Function: collate parameters and switches into command-specific
arg lists for passing to new()
Returns : hash of named argument lists
Args : [optional] composite cmd prefix (scalar string)
[default is 'run']
 Title   : _run
Usage : $fac->_run( @file_args )
Function: Run a command as specified during object contruction
Returns : true on success
Args : a specification of the files to operate on according
to the filespec
 Title   : no_throw_on_crash
Usage :
Function: prevent throw on execution error
Returns :
Args : [optional] boolean
 Title   : last_execution
Usage :
Function: return the last executed command with options
Returns : string of command line sent to IPC::Run
Args :
 Title   : _dash_switch
Usage : $version = $fac->_dash_switch( $switch )
Function: Returns an appropriately dashed switch for the executable
Args : A string containing a switch without dashes
Returns : string containing an appropriately dashed switch for the current executable
 Title   : stdout
Usage : $fac->stdout()
Function: store the output from STDOUT for the run,
if no file specified in _run arguments
Example :
Returns : scalar string
Args : on set, new value (a scalar or undef, optional)
 Title   : stderr
Usage : $fac->stderr()
Function: store the output from STDERR for the run,
if no file is specified in _run arguments
Example :
Returns : scalar string
Args : on set, new value (a scalar or undef, optional)
 Title   : is_pseudo
Usage : $obj->is_pseudo($newval)
Function: returns true if this factory represents
a pseudo-program
Example :
Returns : value of is_pseudo (boolean)
Args : on set, new value (a scalar or undef, optional)
AUTOLOAD permits
as an alias for
 $class->new( -command => 'yourcommand', @args );
 Title   : set_parameters
Usage : $pobj->set_parameters(%params);
Function: sets the parameters listed in the hash or array
Returns : true on success
Args : [optional] hash or array of parameter/values.
 Title   : reset_parameters
Usage : resets values
Function: resets parameters to either undef or value in passed hash
Returns : none
Args : [optional] hash of parameter-value pairs
 Title   : parameters_changed
Usage : if ($pobj->parameters_changed) {...}
Function: Returns boolean true (1) if parameters have changed
Returns : Boolean (0 or 1)
Args : [optional] Boolean
 Title   : available_parameters
Usage : @params = $pobj->available_parameters()
Function: Returns a list of the available parameters
Returns : Array of parameters
Args : 'params' for settable program parameters
'switches' for boolean program switches
default: all
 Title   : get_parameters
Usage : %params = $pobj->get_parameters;
Function: Returns list of key-value pairs of parameter => value
Returns : List of key-value pairs
Args : [optional] A string is allowed if subsets are wanted or (if a
parameter subset is default) 'all' to return all parameters
Methods code
sub new {
    my ($class, @args) = @_;
    my $self = bless ({}, $class);
    # pull in *copies* of the Config variables from the caller namespace:
my ($pkg, @goob) = caller(); my ($commands, $prefixes, $params, $switches, $translation, $use_dash, $join, $name, $dir, $composite_commands, $files); for (qw( @program_commands %command_prefixes @program_params @program_switches %param_translation $use_dash $join $program_name $program_dir %composite_commands %command_files ) ) { my ($sigil, $var) = m/(.)(.*)/;
my $qualvar = "${sigil}${pkg}::${var}"; for ($sigil) { /\@/ && do { $qualvar = "\[$qualvar\]" }; /\%/ && do { $qualvar = "\{$qualvar\}" }; } my $locvar = "\$${var}"; $locvar =~ s/program_|command_|param_//g; eval "$locvar = $qualvar"; } # set up the info registry hash
my %registry; if ($composite_commands) { $self->_register_composite_commands($composite_commands, $params, $switches, $prefixes); } @registry{qw( _commands _prefixes _files _params _switches _translation _composite_commands )} = ($commands, $prefixes, $files, $params, $switches, $translation, $composite_commands); $self->{_options} =\% registry; if (not defined $use_dash) { $self->{'_options'}->{'_dash'} = 1; } else { $self->{'_options'}->{'_dash'} = $use_dash; } if (not defined $join) { $self->{'_options'}->{'_join'} = ' '; } else { $self->{'_options'}->{'_join'} = $join; } if ($name =~ /^\*/) { $self->is_pseudo(1); $name =~ s/^\*//; } $self->program_name($name) if not defined $self->program_name(); $self->program_dir($dir) if not defined $self->program_dir(); $self->set_parameters(@args); $self->parameters_changed(1); # set on instantiation, per Bio::ParameterBaseI
return $self;
sub program_name {
    my ($self, $val) = @_;
    $self->{'_program_name'} = $val if $val;
    return $self->{'_program_name'};
sub program_dir {
    my ($self, $val) = @_;
    $self->{'_program_dir'} = $val if $val;
    return $self->{'_program_dir'};
sub _translate_params {
  my ($self)   = @_;
  # Get option string
my ($params, $switches, $join, $dash, $translat) = @{$self->{_options}}{qw(_params _switches _join _dash _translation)}; # access the multiple dash choices of _setparams...
my @dash_args; $dash ||= 1; # default as advertised
for ($dash) { $_ eq '1' && do { @dash_args = ( -dash => 1 ); last; }; /^s/ && do { #single dash only
@dash_args = ( -dash => 1); last; }; /^d/ && do { # double dash only
@dash_args = ( -double_dash => 1); last; }; /^m/ && do { # mixed dash: one-letter opts get -,
# long opts get --
@dash_args = ( -mixed_dash => 1); last; }; do { $self->warn( "Dash spec '$dash' not recognized; using 'single'" ); @dash_args = ( -dash => 1 ); }; } my $options = $self->_setparams( -params => $params, -switches => $switches, -join => $join, @dash_args ); # Translate options
my @options = split(/(\s|$join)/, $options); for (my $i = 0; $i < scalar @options; $i++) { my ($prefix, $name) = ( $options[$i] =~ m/^(-{0,2})(.+)$/ );
if (defined $name) { if ($name =~ /command/i) { $name = $options[$i+2]; # get the command
splice @options, $i, 4; $i--; # don't add the command if this is a pseudo-program
unshift @options, $name unless ($self->is_pseudo); # put command first
} elsif (defined $$translat{$name}) { $options[$i] = $prefix.$$translat{$name}; } } else { splice @options, $i, 1; $i--; } } $options = join('', @options); # this is a kludge for mixed options: the reason mixed doesn't
# work right on the pass through _setparams is that the
# *aliases* and not the actual params are passed to it.
# here we just rejigger the dashes
if ($dash =~ /^m/) { $options =~ s/--([a-z0-9](?:\s|$))/-$1/gi; } # Now arrayify the options
@options = split(' ', $options); return\@ options;
sub executable {
    my $self = shift;
    my ($exe, $warn) = @_;
    if ($self->is_pseudo) {
	return $self->{_pathtoexe} = $self->executables($self->command,$exe);

    # otherwise
# setter
if (defined $exe) { $self->throw("binary '$exe' does not exist") unless -e $exe; $self->throw("'$exe' is not executable") unless -x $exe; return $self->{_pathtoexe} = $exe; } # getter
return $self->{_pathtoexe} if defined $self->{_pathstoexe}; # finder
return $self->{_pathtoexe} = $self->_find_executable($exe, $warn);
sub executables {
    my $self = shift;
    my ($cmd, $exe, $warn) = @_;
    # for now, barf if this is not a pseudo program
$self->throw("This wrapper represents a single program with commands, not multiple programs; can't use executables()") unless $self->is_pseudo; $self->throw("Command name required at arg 1") unless defined $cmd; $self->throw("The desired executable '$cmd' is not registered as a command") unless grep /^$cmd$/, @{$self->{_options}->{_commands}}; # setter
if (defined $exe) { $self->throw("binary '$exe' does not exist") unless -e $exe; $self->throw("'$exe' is not executable") unless -x $exe; $self->{_pathstoexe} = {} unless defined $self->{_pathstoexe}; return $self->{_pathstoexe}->{$cmd} = $exe; } # getter
return $self->{_pathstoexe}->{$cmd} if defined $self->{_pathstoexe}->{$cmd}; $exe ||= $cmd; # finder
return $self->{_pathstoexe}->{$cmd} = $self->_find_executable($exe, $warn);
sub _find_executable {
    my $self = shift;
    my ($exe, $warn) = @_;

    if ($self->is_pseudo && !$exe) {
	if (!$self->command) {
	    # this throw probably appropriate
# the rest are now warns if $warn.../maj
$self->throw( "The ".__PACKAGE__." wrapper represents several different programs;". "arg1 to _find_executable must be specified explicitly,". "or the command() attribute set"); } else { $exe = $self->command; } } $exe ||= $self->program_path; my $path; if ($self->program_dir) { $path = File::Spec->catfile($self->program_dir, $exe); } else { $path = $exe; $self->warn('Program directory not specified; use program_dir($path).') if $warn; } # use provided info - we are allowed to follow symlinks, but refuse directories
map { return $path.$_ if ( -x $path.$_ && !(-d $path.$_) ) } ('', '.exe') if defined $path; # couldn't get path to executable from provided info, so use system path
$path = $path ? " in $path" : undef; $self->warn("Executable $exe not found$path, trying system path...") if $warn; if ($path = $self->io->exists_exe($exe)) { return $path; } else { $self->warn("Cannot find executable for program '".($self->is_pseudo ? $self->command : $self->program_name)."'") if $warn; return; }
sub _register_composite_commands {
    my $self = shift;
    my ($composite_commands, $program_params, 
	$program_switches, $command_prefixes) = @_;
    my @sub_params;
    my @sub_switches;
    foreach my $cmd (keys %$composite_commands) {
	my $pfx = $command_prefixes->{$cmd} || $cmd;
	foreach my $subcmd ( @{$$composite_commands{$cmd}} ) {
	    my $spfx = $command_prefixes->{$subcmd} || $subcmd;
	    my @sub_program_params = grep /^$spfx\|/, @$program_params;
	    my @sub_program_switches = grep /^$spfx\|/, @$program_switches;
	    for (@sub_program_params) {
push @sub_params, "$pfx\|${spfx}_".$1; } for (@sub_program_switches) { m/^$spfx\|(.*)/;
push @sub_switches, "$pfx\|${spfx}_".$1; } } } push @$program_params, @sub_params; push @$program_switches, @sub_switches; # translations for subcmd params/switches not necessary
return 1;
sub _create_factory_set {
    my $self = shift;
    $self->throw('command not set') unless $self->command;
    my $cmd = $self->command;
    $self->throw('_create_factory_set only works on composite commands') 
	unless grep /^$cmd$/, keys %{$self->{_options}->{_composite_commands}};
    my %ret;
    my $class = ref $self;
    my $subargs_hash = $self->_collate_subcmd_args($cmd);
    for (keys %$subargs_hash) {
	$ret{$_} = $class->new( -command => $_,  @{$$subargs_hash{$_}} );
    return %ret;
sub _collate_subcmd_args {
    my $self = shift;
    my $cmd = shift;
    my %ret;
    # default command is 'run'
$cmd ||= 'run'; return unless $self->{'_options'}->{'_composite_commands'}; return unless $self->{'_options'}->{'_composite_commands'}->{$cmd}; my @subcmds = @{$self->{'_options'}->{'_composite_commands'}->{$cmd}}; my $cur_options = $self->{'_options'}; # collate
foreach my $subcmd (@subcmds) { # find the composite cmd form of the argument in
# the current params and switches
# e.g., map_max_mismatches
my $pfx = $self->{_options}->{_prefixes}->{$subcmd} || $subcmd; my @params = grep /^${pfx}_/, @{$$cur_options{'_params'}}; my @switches = grep /^${pfx}_/, @{$$cur_options{'_switches'}}; $ret{$subcmd} = []; # create an argument list suitable for passing to new() of
# the subcommand factory...
foreach my $opt (@params, @switches) { my $subopt = $opt; $subopt =~ s/^${pfx}_//; push(@{$ret{$subcmd}}, '-'.$subopt => $self->$opt) if defined $self->$opt; } } return\% ret;
sub _run {
    my ($self, @args) = @_;
    # _translate_params will provide an array of command/parameters/switches
# -- these are set at object construction
# to set up the run, need to add the files to the call
# -- provide these as arguments to this function
my $cmd = $self->command if $self->can('command'); my $opts = $self->{_options}; my %args; $self->throw("No command specified for the object") unless $cmd; # setup files necessary for this command
my $filespec = $opts->{'_files'}->{$cmd}; my @switches; my ($in, $out, $err); # some applications rely completely on switches
if (defined $filespec && @$filespec) { # parse args based on filespec
# require named args
$self->throw("Named args are required") unless !(@args % 2); s/^-// for @args; %args = @args; # validate
my @req = map { my $s = $_; $s =~ s/^-.*\|//; $s =~ s/^[012]?[<>]//; $s =~ s/[^a-zA-Z0-9_]//g; $s } grep !/[#]/, @$filespec; !defined($args{$_}) && $self->throw("Required filearg '$_' not specified") for @req; # set up redirects and file switches
for (@$filespec) { m/^1?>#?(.*)/ && do {
$args{$1}) && ( open($out,">", $args{$1}) or $self->throw("Open for write error : $!"));
next; }; m/^2>#?(.*)/ && do {
$args{$1}) && (open($err, ">", $args{$1}) or $self->throw("Open for write error : $!"));
next; }; m/^<#?(.*)/ && do {
$args{$1}) && (open($in, "<", $args{$1}) or $self->throw("Open for read error : $!"));
next; }; if (m/^-(.*)\|/) {
@switches, $self->_dash_switch($1);
} else { push @switches, undef; } } } my $dum; $in || ($in =\$ dum); $out || ($out =\$ self->{'stdout'}); $err || ($err =\$ self->{'stderr'}); # Get program executable
my $exe = $self->executable; $self->throw("Can't find executable for '".($self->is_pseudo ? $self->command : $self->program_name)."'; can't continue") unless $exe; # Get command-line options
my $options = $self->_translate_params(); # Get file specs sans redirects in correct order
my @specs = map { my $s = $_; $s =~ s/^-.*\|//; $s =~ s/[^a-zA-Z0-9_]//g; $s } grep !/[<>]/, @$filespec; my @files = @args{@specs}; # expand arrayrefs
my $l = $#files; # Note: below code block may be brittle, see link on this:
for (0..$l) { if (ref($files[$_]) eq 'ARRAY') { splice(@switches, $_, 1, ($switches[$_]) x @{$files[$_]}); splice(@files, $_, 1, @{$files[$_]}); } } @files = map { my $s = shift @switches; defined $_ ? ($s, $_): () } @files; @files = map { defined $_ ? $_ : () } @files; # squish undefs
my @ipc_args = ( $exe, @$options, @files ); $self->{_last_execution} = join( $self->{'_options'}->{'_join'}, @ipc_args ); eval { IPC::Run::run(\@ipc_args, $in, $out, $err) or die ("There was a problem running $exe : ".$$err); }; if ($@) { $self->throw("$exe call crashed: $@") unless $self->no_throw_on_crash; return 0; } return 1;
sub no_throw_on_crash {
    my $self = shift;
    return $self->{'_no_throw'} = shift if @_;
    return $self->{'_no_throw'};
sub last_execution {
    my $self = shift;
    return $self->{'_last_execution'};
sub _dash_switch {
	my ($self, $switch) = @_;

	my $dash = $self->{'_options'}->{'_dash'};
	for ($dash) {
		$_ eq '1' && do {
			$switch = '-'.$switch;
		/^s/ && do { #single dash only
$switch = '-'.$switch; last; }; /^d/ && do { # double dash only
$switch = '--'.$switch; last; }; /^m/ && do { # mixed dash: one-letter opts get -,
$switch = '-'.$switch; $switch =~ s/^(-[a-z0-9](?:\w+))$/-$1/i; last; }; do { $self->warn( "Dash spec '$dash' not recognized; using 'single'" ); $switch = '-'.$switch; }; } return $switch;
sub stdout {
    my $self = shift;
    return $self->{'stdout'} = shift if @_;
    return $self->{'stdout'};
sub stderr {
    my $self = shift;
    return $self->{'stderr'} = shift if @_;
    return $self->{'stderr'};
sub is_pseudo {
    my $self = shift;
    return $self->{'is_pseudo'} = shift if @_;
    return $self->{'is_pseudo'};
    my $class = shift;
    my $tok = $AUTOLOAD;
    my @args = @_;
    $tok =~ s/.*:://;
    unless ($tok =~ /^new_/) {
	$class->throw("Can't locate object method '$tok' via package '".ref($class)?ref($class):$class); 
    my ($cmd) = $tok =~ m/new_(.*)/;
return $class->new( -command => $cmd, @args );
sub set_parameters {
    my ($self, @args) = @_;

    # currently stored stuff
my $opts = $self->{'_options'}; my $params = $opts->{'_params'}; my $switches = $opts->{'_switches'}; my $translation = $opts->{'_translation'}; my $use_dash = $opts->{'_dash'}; my $join = $opts->{'_join'}; unless (($self->can('command') && $self->command) || (grep /command/, @args)) { push @args, '-command', 'run'; } my %args = @args; my $cmd = $args{'-command'} || $args{'command'} || ($self->can('command') && $self->command); if ($cmd) { my (@p,@s, %x); $self->warn('Command present, but no commands registered') unless $self->{'_options'}->{'_commands'}; $self->throw("Command '$cmd' not registered") unless grep /^$cmd$/, @{$self->{'_options'}->{'_commands'}}; $cmd = $self->{_options}->{_prefixes}->{$cmd} || $cmd; @p = (grep(!/^.*?\|/, @$params), grep(/^${cmd}\|/, @$params)); @s = (grep(!/^.*?\|/, @$switches), grep(/^${cmd}\|/, @$switches)); s/.*?\|// for @p; s/.*?\|// for @s; @x{@p, @s} = @{$translation}{ grep( !/^.*?\|/, @$params, @$switches), grep(/^${cmd}\|/, @$params, @$switches) }; $opts->{_translation} = $translation =\% x; $opts->{_params} = $params =\@ p; $opts->{_switches} = $switches =\@ s;
-methods => [ @$params, @$switches, 'program_name', 'program_dir', 'out_type' ],
-create => 1,
# when our parms are accessed, signal parameters are unchanged for
# future reads (until set_parameters is called)
-code =>
' my $self = shift;
return $self->{\'_\'.$method} = shift if @_; return $self->{\'_\'.$method};'
# the question is, are previously-set parameters left alone when
# not specified in @args?
return 1;
sub reset_parameters {
    my ($self, @args) = @_;

    my @reset_args;
    # currently stored stuff
my $opts = $self->{'_options'}; my $params = $opts->{'_params'}; my $switches = $opts->{'_switches'}; my $translation = $opts->{'_translation'}; my $qual_param = $opts->{'_qual_param'}; my $use_dash = $opts->{'_dash'}; my $join = $opts->{'_join'}; # handle command name
my %args = @args; my $cmd = $args{'-command'} || $args{'command'} || $self->command; $args{'command'} = $cmd; delete $args{'-command'}; @args = %args; # don't like this, b/c _set_program_args will create a bunch of
# accessors with undef values, but oh well for now /maj
for my $p (@$params) { push(@reset_args, $p => undef) unless grep /^[-]?$p$/, @args; } for my $s (@$switches) { push(@reset_args, $s => undef) unless grep /^[-]?$s$/, @args; } push @args, @reset_args; $self->set_parameters(@args); $self->parameters_changed(1);
sub parameters_changed {
    my $self = shift;
    return $self->{'_parameters_changed'} = shift if @_;
    return $self->{'_parameters_changed'};
sub available_parameters {
    my $self = shift;
    my $subset = shift;
    my $opts = $self->{'_options'};
    my @ret;
    for ($subset) {
	(!defined || /^a/) && do {
	    @ret = (@{$opts->{'_params'}}, @{$opts->{'_switches'}});
	m/^p/i && do {
@ret = @{$opts->{'_params'}};
last; }; m/^s/i && do {
@ret = @{$opts->{'_switches'}};
last; }; m/^c/i && do {
@ret = @{$opts->{'_commands'}};
last; }; m/^f/i && do { # get file spec
return @{$opts->{'_files'}->{$self->command}};
}; do { #fail
$self->throw("available_parameters: unrecognized subset"); }; } return @ret;
sub filespec {
sub get_parameters {
    my $self = shift;
    my $subset = shift;
    $subset ||= 'all';
    my @ret;
    my $opts = $self->{'_options'};
    for ($subset) {
	m/^p/i && do { #params only
for (@{$opts->{'_params'}}) {
push(@ret, $_, $self->$_) if $self->can($_) && defined $self->$_;
} last; }; m/^s/i && do { #switches only
for (@{$opts->{'_switches'}}) {
push(@ret, $_, $self->$_) if $self->can($_) && defined $self->$_;
} last; }; m/^a/i && do { # all
for ((@{$opts->{'_params'}},@{$opts->{'_switches'}})) {
push(@ret, $_, $self->$_) if $self->can($_) && defined $self->$_;
} last; }; do { $self->throw("get_parameters: unrecognized subset"); }; } return @ret; } 1;
General documentation
CommandExts is currently set up to read particular package globals
which define the program, the commands available, command-line options
for those commands, and human-readable aliases for those options.
The easiest way to use CommandExts is probably to create two modules:
The package globals should be defined in the Config module, and the
run package itself should begin with the following mantra:
 use YourRunPkg::Config;
use Bio::Tools::Run::WrapperBase;
use Bio::Tools::Run::WrapperBase::CommandExts;
sub new {
my $class = shift;
my @args = @_;
my $self = $class->SUPER::new(@args);
return $self;
The following globals can/should be defined in the Config module:
See /Config Globals for detailed descriptions.
The work of creating a run wrapper with CommandExts lies mainly in
setting up the globals. The key methods for the developer interface are:
    * program_dir($path_to_programs)
    Set this to point the factory to the executables.
    * _run(@file_args)
    Runs an instantiated factory with the given file args. Use in the
run() method override.
    * _create_factory_set()
    Returns a hash of instantiated factories for each true command from a
composite command factory. The hash keys are the true command names, so
you could do
 $cmds = $composite_fac->_create_factory_set;
for (@true_commands) {
    * executables($cmd,[$fullpath])
    For pseudo-programs, this gets/sets the full path to the executable of
the true program corresponding to the command $cmd.
Implementing Composite CommandsTop
Implementing Pseudo-programsTop
To indicate that a package wraps disparate programs under a single pseudo program, use an asterisk before the program name:
 package Bio::Tools::Run::YourPkg::Config;
our $program_name = '*blast+';
and _run will know what to do. Specify the rest of the globals as
if the desired programs were commands. Use the basename of the
programs for the command names.
If all the programs can be found in a single directory, just specify
that directory in program_dir(). If not, use executables() to set the paths to each program explicitly:
 foreach (keys %cmdpaths) {
$self->executables($_, $cmdpaths{$_});
Config GlobalsTop
Here is an example config file. Further details in prose are below.
 package Dummy::Config;
use strict;
use warnings;
no warnings qw(qw);
use Exporter;
push @ISA, 'Exporter';
@EXPORT = qw(
our $program_name = '*flurb'; our $program_dir = 'C:\cygwin\usr\local\bin'; our $use_dash = 'mixed'; our $join = ' '; our @program_commands = qw( rpsblast cat goob blorb multiglob ); our %command_prefixes = ( blastp => 'blp', tblastn => 'tbn', goob => 'g', blorb => 'b', multiglob => 'm' ); our @program_params = qw( command g|narf g|schlurb b|scroob b|frelb m|trud ); our @program_switches = qw( g|freen b|klep ); our %param_translation = ( 'g|narf' => 'n', 'g|schlurb' => 'schlurb', 'g|freen' => 'f', 'b|scroob' => 's', 'b|frelb' => 'frelb' ); our %command_files = ( 'goob' => [qw( fas faq )], ); our %composite_commands = ( 'multiglob' => [qw( blorb goob )] ); 1;
$use_dash can be one of single, double, or mixed. See Bio::Tools::Run::WrapperBase.
There is a syntax for the %command_files specification. The token
matching [a-zA-Z0-9_]+ in each element of each arrayref becomes the
named filespec parameter for the _run() method in the wrapper
class. Additional symbols surrounding this token indicate how this
argument should be handled. Some examples:
 >out  : stdout is redirected into the file 
specified by (..., -out => $file,... )
<in : stdin is accepted from the file
specified by (..., -in => $file,... )
2>log : stderr is redirected into the file
specified by (..., -log => $file,... )
#opt : this filespec argument is optional
(no throw if -opt => $option is missing)
2>#log: if -log is not specified in the arguments, the stderr()
method will capture stderr
*lst : this filespec can take multiple arguments,
specify using an arrayref (..., -lst => [$file1, $file2], ...)
*#lst : an optional list
The tokens above are examples; they can be anything matching the above regexp.
Using a wrapper created with Bio::Tools::Run::WrapperBase::CommandExts:
    * Getting a list of available commands, parameters, and filespecs:
    To get a list of commands, simply:
 @commands = Bio::Tools::Run::ThePkg->available_commands;
    The wrapper will generally have human-readable aliases for each of the
command-line options for the wrapped program and commands. To obtain a
list of the parameters and switches available for a particular
command, do
 $factory = Bio::Tools::Run::ThePkg->new( -command => 'glurb' );
@params = $factory->available_parameters('params');
@switches = $factory->available_parameters('switches');
@filespec = $factory->available_parameters('filespec');
@filespec = $factory->filespec; # alias
    * Create factories
    The factory is a handle on the program and command you wish to
run. Create a factory using new to set command-line parameters:
 $factory = Bio::Tools::Run::ThePkg->new( -command => 'glurb', 
-freen => 1,
-furschlugginer => 'vreeble' );
    A shorthand for this is:

$factory = Bio::Tools::Run::ThePkg->new_glurb(
-freen => 1,
-furschlugginer => 'vreeble' );
    * Running programs
    To run the program, use the run method, providing filespecs as arguments
 $factory = Bio::Tools::Run::ThePkg->new_assemble( -min_qual => 63 );
$factory->run( -faq1 => 'read1.fq', -faq2 => 'read2.fq',
-ref => 'refseq.fas', -out => 'new.sam' );
# do another
$factory->run( -faq1 => 'read-old1.fq', -faq2 => 'read-old2.fq',
-ref => 'refseq.fas', -out => 'old.sam' );
    Messages on STDOUT and STDERR are dumped into their respective attributes:
 $stdout = $factory->stdout;
$stderr = $factory->stderr;
    unless STDOUT and/or STDERR are part of the named files in the filespec.
    * Setting/getting/resetting/polling parameters.
    A CommandExts-based factory is always Bio::ParameterBaseI
compliant. That means that you may set, get, and reset parameters
using set_parameters(), get_parameters(), and
reset_parameters. You can ask whether parameters have changed since
they were last accessed by using the predicate
parameters_changed. See Bio::ParameterBaseI for more details.
    Once set, parameters become attributes of the factory. Thus, you can get their values as follows:
 if ($factory->freen) { 
$furs = $factory->furshlugginer;
Mailing ListsTop
User feedback is an integral part of the evolution of this and other
Bioperl modules. Send your comments and suggestions preferably to
the Bioperl mailing list. Your participation is much appreciated.                  - General discussion - About the mailing lists
Please direct usage questions or support issues to the mailing list:
rather than to the module maintainer directly. Many experienced and
reponsive experts will be able look at the problem and quickly
address it. Please include a thorough description of the problem
with code and data examples if at all possible.
Reporting BugsTop
Report bugs to the Bioperl bug tracking system to help us keep track
of the bugs and their resolution. Bug reports can be submitted via
the web:
AUTHOR - Mark A. JensenTop
Email maj -at- fortinbras -dot- us
Describe contact details here
Dan Kortschak ( dan -dot- kortschak -at- adelaide -dot- edu -dot- au )
The rest of the documentation details each of the object methods.
Internal methods are usually preceded with a _
 Title   : _register_program_commands
Usage : $factory->_register_program_commands( \@commands, \%prefixes )
Function: Register the commands a program accepts (for programs that act
as frontends for a set of commands, each command having its own
set of params/switches)
Returns : true on success
Args : arrayref to a list of commands (scalar strings),
hashref to a translation table of the form
{ $prefix1 => $command1, ... } [optional]
Note : To implement a program with this kind of calling structure,
include a parameter called 'command' in the
@program_params global
Note : The translation table is used to associate parameters and
switches specified in _set_program_options with the correct
program command. In the globals @program_params and
@program_switches, specify elements as 'prefix1|param' and
'prefix1|switch', etc.
 Title   : _set_program_options
Usage : $factory->_set_program_options( \@ args );
Function: Register the parameters and flags that an assembler takes.
Returns : 1 for success
Args : - arguments passed by the user
- parameters that the program accepts, optional (default: none)
- switches that the program accepts, optional (default: none)
- parameter translation, optional (default: no translation occurs)
- dash option for the program parameters, [1|single|double|mixed],
optional (default: yes, use single dashes only)
- join, optional (default: ' ')
Bio:ParameterBaseI complianceTop